Advertisement

How Does the Seat Cover Influence the Seat Comfort Evaluation?

  • Maximilian Wegner
  • Shabila Anjani
  • Wenhua Li
  • Peter Vink
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 824)

Abstract

This study investigates the tactile perceived influence of seat covers. Two identical BMW 3-Series seats are used, one with a leather cover and one with a fabric cover. Thirty healthy subjects participated in an experiment rating the tactile perceived properties of the seats while blindfolded. A discomfort test, a word pair rating and the overall experience of the seats were examined. The study has shown that not only the foam properties and the contour of the seat influences the seat characterisation but also the seat cover material. The leather and the fabric seats were characterised different, but the pressure distribution did not show so much differences. Furthermore, the perceived differentiation of the seats are distinctive for the seat pan and for the backrest. Therefore, further research is needed to investigate other characteristics of the seat like shear force related to various cover properties in combination with different seat components and contour combinations.

Keywords

Seat cover Seat comfort Cover materials 

References

  1. 1.
    Andreoni G, Santambrogio GC, Rabuffetti M, Pedotti A (2002) Method for the analysis of posture and interface pressure of car drivers. Appl Ergon 33:511–522CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    de De Looze MP, Kuijt-Evers LFM, van Dieen J (2003) Sitting comfort and discomfort and the relationships with objective measures. Ergonomics 46(10):985–997CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ebe K, Griffin MJ (2000) Quantitative prediction of overall seat discomfort. Ergonomics 43(6):791–806CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ebe K, Griffin MJ (2001) Factors affecting static seat cushion comfort. Ergonomics 44(10):901–921CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Franz M, Kamp I, Durt A, Kilincsoy Ü, Bubb H, Vink P (2011) A light weight car-seat shaped by human body contour. Int J Hum Fact Model Simul 2(4):314–326CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Grujicic M, Pandurangan B, Xie X, Gramopadhye AK, Wagner D, Ozen M (2010) Musculoskeletal computational analysis of the influence of car-seat design/adjustments on long-distance driving fatigue. Int J Ind Ergon 40(3):345–355CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Goossens RHM (2001) Shear stress measured on three different cushioning materials. Delft University of TechnologyGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kamp I (2012) The influence of car-seat design on its character experience. Appl Ergon 43(2):329–335CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kamp I (2012) Comfortable car interiors. Experiments as a basis of car interior design contributing to the pleasure of the driver and passenger, pp 88–105Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kilincsoy Ü, Wagner A-S, Vink P, Bubb H (2016) The Ideal pressure distribution for SUV and sedan rear seatsGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kolich M (2003) Automobile seat comfort. Occupant preferences vs. anthropometric accommodation. Appl Ergon 34(2):177–184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mergl C (2006) Entwicklung eines Verfahrens zur Optimierung des Sitzkomforts auf Automobilsitzen. Dissertation, Technischen Universität MünchenGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Molenbroek JFM, Albin TJ, Vink P (2017) Thirty years of anthropometric changes relevant to the width and depth of transportation seating spaces, present and future. Appl Ergon 65:130–138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Murphy S, Dalton P (2016) Out of touch? Visual load induces inattentional numbness. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 42(6):761–765CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Reed MPS, Schneider LW, Ricci LL (1994) Survey of auto seat design recommendations for improved comfort. University of MichiganGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Schmidt RF, Thews G (1980) Physiologie des Menschen. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Wong M, Gnanakumaran V, Goldreich D (2011) Tactile spatial acuity enhancement in blindness: evidence for experience-dependent mechanisms. J Neurosci 31:7028–7037CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Vink P, Hallbeck S (2012) Editorial: comfort and discomfort studies demonstrate the need for a new model. Appl Ergon 43(2):271–276CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Zenk R, Mergl C, Hartung J, Sabbah O, Bubb H (2006) Objectifying the comfort of car seats. SAE InternationalGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Zhang L, Helander MG, Drury CG (1996) Identifying factors of comfort and discomfort in sitting. Hum Fact 38(3):377–389CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maximilian Wegner
    • 1
    • 2
  • Shabila Anjani
    • 2
  • Wenhua Li
    • 2
  • Peter Vink
    • 2
  1. 1.BMW GroupMunichGermany
  2. 2.Faculty of Industrial Design EngineeringDelft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations