Ergonomics and Emergency Response: An Inclusive Approach

Emergency Preparedness and Response to People with Disabilities: The Italian National Fire Fighters Corps Experience
  • Giuseppe Romano
  • Angelo Porcu
  • Luca ManselliEmail author
  • Marcella Battaglia
  • Stefano ZanutEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 824)


In recent years, the Italian National Fire fighters Corp have adopted more inclusive operational procedures to tackle emergencies involving people with special needs. To this end specific training and standard operating procedures have been elaborated. In emergency scenarios in which fire fighters operate (e.g. fires, earthquakes, etc.), the protection of the people that have to be rescued must be assured, but the rescuers should also work in safe conditions in order to achieve this objective with greater reliability. The rescue of people with disabilities implies operating procedure that do not cause further damage to the person (e.g. excess of digital pressure, bedsores for peoples with mobility impairment on a wheelchair, etc.). With regard to the rescuer, unsuitable fireman’s lift techniques could damage his musculoskeletal system. This paper describes the operative procedures that have been developed and considers the ergonomic aspects used in the rescue.


Disability Operative procedures Emergency communication 


  1. 1.
    World Heath Organizazion (WHI) (2011) World report on disability.
  2. 2.
    ISTAT (2015) Inclusione sociale delle persone con limitazioni funzionali, invalidità o cronicità gravi, Anno 2013Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Fujii K (2012) The great east japan earthquake and disabled persons. Background to their high mortality rate.
  4. 4.
    UNISDR (2013) Displacement and older people the case of the great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami of 2011.
  5. 5.
    National Council on Disability (NCD) (2006) The impact of hurricanes Katrina and Rita on people with disabilities: a look back and remaining challenges.
  6. 6.
    Associazione Italiana Sclerosi Multipla (AISM) (2012) Inchiesta: la disabilità al tempo delle scosse. SMitalia - AISM, luglio-agosto.
  7. 7.
  8. 8.
    VERONA CHARTER on the rescue of persons with disabilities in case of disasters.
  9. 9.
    Sedran E, Filippini M, Copat O, Zanut S, Raffin C (2016) Helping you to rescue me the rescue of people with ASD: guidelines for firefighters.
  10. 10.
    Department of firefighters, public rescue and civil defense (2004) Rescuing people with disabilities: emergency management guidelinesGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Romano G, Schiavone E, Zanut S (2016) Aspetti connessi con la disabilità nella gestione di situazioni di emergenza. In: Valutazione e Gestione del Rischio negli Insediamenti Civili ed Industriali, VGR 2016.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Italian National Fire Fighters CorpsRomeItaly
  2. 2.RomeItaly

Personalised recommendations