Creativity in Design of Safety Helmet for Oil Palm Workers

  • M. T. Shamsul BahriEmail author
  • Ng Yee Guan
  • Khairul Nazri Abd Wahib
  • Rizal Rahman
  • Shariman Abu Bakar
  • S. M. Sapuan
  • Dayana Hazwani Mohd Suadi Nata
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 824)


An effective ergonomics product design for safety helmet among oil palm harvesters requires both physical and non-physical aspects of ergonomics criteria. This project aims to develop a novel safety helmet design for oil palm harvesters’ using ergonomics principles, creative design and occupational safety and health combining with waste by product from the palm tree. The initial design concept was developed by considering human factors aspect gained from previous study among harvesters’ in several plantation sites, in both aesthetic and functional perspective. Benchmarking and trend analysis were conducted at the early stage of the design development process to establish user requirements, comparing features and faults in existing product and at the same time finding opportunities for improvement in the new design. New design elements incorporated to the safety helmet to re-create the perception of a robust and trendy product besides creating the excitement and impression to the customers. Strong lines and angular surfaces create the emotion and strong character of the product. The product design cycle was an iterative process and the final approved design was reviewed and the ventilation design, the maximum strength and effective weight of the safety helmet were finalized. In testing the final design prototype for field experiment, the prototypes were fabricated through hand molding and distributed to the oil palm harvesters in various location of the plantation. Improved final version were developed after additional comments by users and acceptance of the new safety helmet considered through focus group discussion and the use in the field. The outcome from the improved prototype will be integrated with material proposed by combining the material proposed and the final design in developing mold. The final product will improve the safety and health among harvesters, acceptance on the new helmet and improved the corporate image of the company.


Safety helmet Ergonomics Waste product Product design Safety and health 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia
  2. 2.Universiti Malaysia PerlisArauMalaysia

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