Advertisement

Ergonomics and Technologies in Waste Sorting: Usage and Appropriation in a Recyclable Waste Collectors Cooperative

  • Renato Luvizoto Rodrigues de Souza
  • João Alberto Camarotto
  • Andréa Regina Martins Fontes
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 825)

Abstract

Waste collection and sorting are important stages for the municipal waste management. Since the 90´s in Brazil, due to the gap left by public power and structural unemployment, activities in the collection, sorting and commercialization of recycled materials had been done by collectors´ cooperatives. However, authors point that these organizations present a limited productivity, due to lack of technological infrastructure (facilities, equipment and adequate process) and also due to the poor working conditions. In this context, this paper aims to discuss technology and work, comparing the usage and appropriation of technologies in a recyclable waste collectors’ cooperative. The research was carried out qualitatively, as a case study, following the approach delineated by French-speaking ergonomics theories. Three situations were selected for data collection: spaces usage and materials flow in the facility; tools use in the activities carried out; and use of adapted mover equipment and containers. Data collection comprised interviews with the cooperative president and two sorting operators, free and systematic observation of operators’ work and pictures taking. Results show that facilities, equipment and materials’ movers were mostly donated from other organizations to the cooperative. Therefore, we see that the cooperative operates in a location where the facilities, equipment and machinery are not aligned with the type, amount and variability of the waste that the organization needs to sort to achieve its economic goals. To overcome this situation and actually fulfill its job, the cooperative develops different uses of spaces and technology, which sometimes happens at the cost of workers health, safety and well-being.

Keywords

Recycling cooperatives Technologies Waste sorting 

References

  1. Carenzo S (2014) Lo que (no) cuentan las máquinas: la experiencia sociotécnica como herramienta económica (ypolítica) en una cooperativa de “cartoneros” del Gran Buenos Aires. Antípoda Rev Antropolodia Arqueol, 109–135Google Scholar
  2. Carenzo S (2017) Invisibilized creativity : Sociogenesis of an “ innovation” process developed by cartoneros for post-consumption waste recycling. Int J Eng Soc Justice, Peace 5:30–48.  https://doi.org/10.24908/ijesjp.v5i1-2.8016
  3. Cockell FF, de Carvalho AMC, Camarotto JA, Bento PE (2004) A Triagem de Lixo Reciclável: Análise Ergonômica da Atividade. Rev Bras Saúde Ocup 29:17–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Falzon P (2007) Natureza, objetivos e conhecimentos da Ergonomia. Ergonomia. Blucher, São Paulo, pp 3–19Google Scholar
  5. Guérin F, Laville A, Daniellou F et al (1991) Compreendre le travail pour le trasformer. Anac Editions, Lyon, FranceGoogle Scholar
  6. Gutberlet J (2012) Informal and cooperative recycling as a poverty eradication strategy. Geogr Compass 6:19–34.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-8198.2011.00468.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Gutberlet J (2008) Organized and informal recycling: Social movements contributing to sustainability. Waste Manag Environ 109:223–232.  https://doi.org/10.2495/WM080241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gutberlet J, Baeder AM (2008) Informal recycling and occupational health in Santo André, Brazil. Int J Environ Health Res 18:1–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística - IBGE (2016) Estimativa da População Residente no Brasil e Unidades da Federação Com Data De Referência em 1° De Julho De 2016, 17Google Scholar
  10. de Lima FPA, de Oliveira FG (2008) Produtividade técnica e social das associações de catadores: por um modelo de reciclagem solidária. In: Kemp VH, Crivellari HMT (eds) Catadores na cena urbana: construção de políticas socioambientais. Autêntica Editora, Belo Horizonte, pp 225–248Google Scholar
  11. Luvizoto RRS (2014) Análise do processo de regulaçao da atividade de triagem de materiais recicláveis: estudo de caso em uma cooperativa. Dissertaçao (Mestrado em Engenharia de Produção) - Centro de Ciências e Tecnologias para Sustentabilidade, Universidade Federal de São Carlos, SorocabaGoogle Scholar
  12. Luvizoto RRS, Fontes ARM, Salomão S (2014) A triagem de materiais recicláveis e as variabilidades inerentes ao processo: estudo de caso em uma cooperativa. Cien Saude Colet 19:4185–4195.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1413-812320141910.09072014CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Medina M (2000) Scavenger cooperatives in Asia and Latin America. Resour Conserv Recycl 31:51–69.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0921-3449(00)00071-9MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Purshouse H, Rutkowski J, Velis C et al (2017) Waste sorting social technology in brazilian informal materials recovery facilities. 15th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology. CEST, Rhodes, pp 1–7Google Scholar
  15. Rutkowski JE, Rutkowski EW (2015) Expanding worldwide urban solid waste recycling: The Brazilian social technology in waste pickers inclusion. Waste Manag Res 33:1084–1093.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0734242X15607424CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Voss C, Tsikriktsis N, Frohlich M (2002) Case research in operations management. Int J Oper Prod Manag 22:195–219.  https://doi.org/10.1108/01443570210414329CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Renato Luvizoto Rodrigues de Souza
    • 1
  • João Alberto Camarotto
    • 1
  • Andréa Regina Martins Fontes
    • 2
  1. 1.Departament of Production EngineeringFederal University of São CarlosSão CarlosBrazil
  2. 2.Departament of Production EngineeringFederal University of São CarlosSorocabaBrazil

Personalised recommendations