Advertisement

Epidemiological Survey of Occupational Accidents: A Case Study in the Flour and Animal Feed Business

  • Lucas Provin
  • Cristiane Nonemacher Cantele
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 825)

Abstract

Occupational accidents constitute a serious problem that can affect different organizational environments, ergonomic and safety-oriented actions can minimize risk factors. The objective of this study is to carry out an epidemiological-logical survey of occupational accidents at a company in the flour and animal feed segment, located in a small city, in the northern portion of Rio Grande do Sul. The research was characterized as a case study, exploratory and quantitative approach, developed through bibliographic and documentary analysis. The analysis occurred from January 2010 until September 2017, considering the cases of work accidents based on the following variables: number of accidents, gender, age, type of accident, function performed by the injured employee, days of absence, costs per accident, places of highest incidence of accidents in the company, part of the body affected in the work accident. The results showed the occurrence of 28 work accidents in the period, being 89% typical and most occurring in 2012 (29%). The highest incidence is between employees from 26 to 45 years old, mainly in the functions of full and junior machine operator, being traumas that affect the hands the main occurrence (48%). It was verified that 36% of the accidents let the employee away from his duty from a period between10 and 15 days, generating the direct cost of U$ 12,355.00 for the company in the period. The conclusion is that epidemiological surveys of occupational accidents can generate useful information for companies, enabling the development of ergonomic interventions capable of improving occupational safety, preventing new accidents, which can positively reflect the productive process, as well as reduce costs and improve health and quality of life in the workplace.

Keywords

Work accidents Epidemiology Ergonomics Safety Occupational health Work hazard 

References

  1. ABEPRO: Brazilian Association of Production Engineering. Production Engineering: large area and curricular guidelines. http://www.abepro.org.br/arquivos/websites/1/Ref_curriculares_ABEPRO.pdf. Accessed 25 Mar 25
  2. Almeida PCA, Branco AB (2011) Work accidents in Brazil: prevalence, duration and social security expenditure. Braz J Occup Health 36(124):195–207Google Scholar
  3. Brazil (1988) Constitution of the Federative Republic of BrazilGoogle Scholar
  4. Brazil (1991) Law No. 8,213, of July 24, 1991. Provides for the Plans of Benefits of Social Security and provides other measures. http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/leis/L8213cons.htm. Accessed 5 Oct 2017
  5. Brazil (2017a) Ministry of Labor. NR 12 - Safety at work in machinery and equipment. http://trabalho.gov.br/seguranca-e-saude-no-trabalho/normatizacao/normas-regulamentadoras/norma-regulamentadora-n-12-seguranca-no-trabalho-em-maquinas-e-. Accessed 25 Mar 2017Google Scholar
  6. Brazil (2017b) Ministry of Labor. NR 17 - Ergonomics. http://trabalho.gov.br/images/Documents/SST/NR/NR17.pdf. Accessed 25 Mar 2017
  7. Brazil (2017c) Ministry of Social Security and Ministry of Finance. Social security benefits. http://www1.previdencia.gov.br/aeps2007/16_01_01_01.asp. Accessed 27 Oct 2017
  8. Brazil (2015) Ministry of Social Security and Ministry of Finance. Statistical Yearbook of Work Accidents, vol 1, Brasília, MFGoogle Scholar
  9. Canton JA, Fontes ARM, Torres I (2016) Post-implantation discussion of the possible contributions of ergonomics in the automation project of production lines. GEPROS. In: Production, Operations and Systems Management, Bauru, a. 11, n. 4, pp 267–283Google Scholar
  10. Coelho FU (2004) Course of civil law, vol 2. Saraiva, São PauloGoogle Scholar
  11. Cordeiro R (1995) Epidemiological surveillance of occupational diseases: some ideas. Health Soc 4(1–2):107–110Google Scholar
  12. Cunha GD (2002) A current overview of production engineering. http://www.abepro.org.br/arquivos/websites/1/PanoramaAtualEP4.pdf. Accessed 25 Mar 2017
  13. Diehl AA, Tatim DC (2004) Research in applied social sciences: methods and techniques. Prentice Hall, São PauloGoogle Scholar
  14. Dul J, Weerdmeester B (2012) Practical ergonomics, 3rd edn. Blucher, São PauloGoogle Scholar
  15. European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (2002) Socioeconomic costs resulting from occupational accidents. www.fiocruz.br/…/safety%20e%20saude%20no%20work/FACTS%2027%20. Accessed 20 Nov 2017Google Scholar
  16. Fernandes A (1995) Work accidents: from the sacrifice of work to prevention and reparation - legislative evolution, current events and perspectives. LTr, São PauloGoogle Scholar
  17. Ferreira LL (2015) On the ergonomic analysis of work or AET. Revista Brasileira de Saúde Ocupacional 40(131):8–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Ferreira LS, Peixoto NH (2012) Worksafety I. Santa Maria: UFSM, CTISM, Sistema Técnica Aberta do BrasilGoogle Scholar
  19. França ACL, Rodrigues AL (1996) Stress and work: basic guide with a psychosomatic approach. Atlas, São PauloGoogle Scholar
  20. Gil AC (2009) How to elaborate research projects, 4th edn. Atlas, São PauloGoogle Scholar
  21. Goncalves Filho AP, Ramos MF (2015) Accident at work in production systems: approach and prevention. Manage Prod 22(2):431–442Google Scholar
  22. Guérin F, Laville A, Danillo F, Duraffourg J, Kerguelen A (2001) Buy-ender the work to transform it: the practice of ergonomics. Blucher: Vanzolini Foundation, São PauloGoogle Scholar
  23. Iida I, Guimarães LBM (2016) Ergonomics: design and production, 3rd edn. Blucher, São PauloGoogle Scholar
  24. Kroemer KHE, Grandjean E (2008) Ergonomics manual: adapting work to man, 5th edn. Bookman, São PauloGoogle Scholar
  25. Marques A, Tavares E, Souza J, Magalhães JA (2010) Ergonomics as a determining factor in the good progress of production: a case study. Revista Ana-grama Interdisciplinary Sci. J. Graduation a. 4, edGoogle Scholar
  26. Marras JP (2000) Administration of human resources: from operational to strategic, 3rd edn. Futura, São PauloGoogle Scholar
  27. Martins SP (2002) Social securitylaw, 18th edn. Atlas, São PauloGoogle Scholar
  28. Moraes AO, Silva RL (2015) Ergonomics in the work environment: workers’ perception of the relationship between working conditions and turnover. REGIT, Fatec-Itaquaquecetuba, SP, vol 2, no 4, pp 107–125Google Scholar
  29. Nascimento AM (2005) Course on labor law: history and general theory of labor law - individual and collective labor relations, 20th edn. Saraiva, São PauloGoogle Scholar
  30. Paraguay AIBB (1990) Stress, content and work organization: ergonomic contributions to improve working conditions. RevistaBrasileira de SaúdeOcupacional 70:40–43Google Scholar
  31. Prates CCO. Historical evolution of accident legislation in Brazil. http://www.revistapersona.com.ar/Persona10/10Prates.htm. Accessed 03 Oct 2017
  32. Silveira LBR, Salustiano EO (2012) The importance of ergonomics in the study of times and movements. R & D Prod Eng 10(1):71–80Google Scholar
  33. Souza PRR. Epidemiology and health of the worker. www.imiarj.com.br/Epidemiologia.pdf. Accessed 05 Oct 2017
  34. Yin RK (2001) Case study: planning and methods, 2nd edn. Bookman, Porto AlegreGoogle Scholar
  35. Zocchio A (2002) Practice of accident prevention: ABC of work safety. 7. They are worth it: LTrGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Vicato AlimentosSanaduvaBrazil
  2. 2.Cavaletti Professional Seating S.AErechimBrazil

Personalised recommendations