Advertisement

Adventure and Tourism

  • Simon Beames
  • Chris Mackie
  • Matthew Atencio
Chapter

Abstract

After reading this chapter, you will be able to:
  • Describe the key historical factors that contributed to the development of tourism in the Global North

  • Define adventure tourism and describe some of the factors that motivate adventure tourists

  • Understand and apply the concepts of McDonaldization and Disneyization to adventure tourism and other adventure practices

  • Explain how experience, motivation, social factors, and the market interact to produce a wide range of commercial adventure experiences

  • Use a range of examples to explain the different ways in which guides and companies facilitate adventure tourism experiences

Key Reading

  1. Varley, P. (2006). Confecting adventure and playing with meaning: The adventure commodification continuum. Journal of Sport & Tourism, 11(2), 173–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

References

  1. Adventure Travel Trade Association (ATTA). (2018). 20 adventure travel trends to watch in 2018. Retrieved from https://www.adventuretravel.biz/research/20-adventure-trends-to-watch-for-2018/
  2. Arnould, E., & Price, L. (1993). River magic: Extraordinary experience and the extended service encounter. Journal of Consumer Research, 20(1), 24–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Beames, S., & Brown, M. (2014). Enough of Ronald and Mickey: Focusing on learning in outdoor education. Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, 14(2), 118–131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Beames, S., & Brown, M. (2017). Disneyization and the provision of leisure experiences. In K. Spracklen, B. Lashua, E. Sharpe, & S. Swain (Eds.), The Palgrave handbook of leisure theory (pp. 855–871). Basingstoke, UK, Palgrave MacMillan.Google Scholar
  5. Beedie, P. (2016). Adventure tourism. In B. Humberstone, H. Prince, & K. Henderson (Eds.), Routledge international handbook of outdoor studies (pp. 463–471). Abingdon, UK: Routledge.Google Scholar
  6. Bryman, A. (2004). The Disneyization of society. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  7. Buckley, R. (2006). Adventure tourism. Wallingford, UK: CABI.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Buckley, R. (2010). Adventure tourism management. London: Butterworth-Heinemann.Google Scholar
  9. Buzard, J. (1993). The grand tour and after – 1660-1840. In P. Hulme & T. Youngs (Eds.), The Cambridge companion to travel writing (pp. 37–52). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Cater, C. (2006). Playing with risk? Participant perceptions of risk and management implications in adventure tourism. Tourism Management, 27(2), 317–325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Chang, T., Teo, P., & Winter, T. (2009). Asia on tour: Exploring the rise of Asian tourism. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  12. Fletcher, R. (2010). The emperor’s new adventure: Public secrecy and the paradox of adventure tourism. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, 39(1), 6–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Holden, A. (2005). Tourism studies and the social sciences. Abingdon, UK: Routledge.Google Scholar
  14. Holyfield, L., Jonas, L., & Zajicek, A. (2005). Adventure without risk is like Disneyland. In S. Lyng (Ed.), Edgework: The sociology of risk-taking (pp. 173–185). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  15. Honoré, C. (2004). In praise of slowness. How a worldwide movement is challenging the cult of speed. New York: Harper Collins.Google Scholar
  16. Humberstone, B., Prince, H., & Henderson, K. (Eds.). (2016). Routledge international handbook of outdoor studies. Abingdon, UK: Routledge.Google Scholar
  17. Inglis, F. (2000). The delicious history of the holiday. Abingdon, UK: Routledge.Google Scholar
  18. Kane, M. (2013). New Zealand’s transformed adventure: From hero myth to accessible tourism experience. Leisure Studies, 32(2), 133–151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lomine, L. (2005). Tourism in Augustan society. In J. Walton (Ed.), Histories of tourism: Representation, identity and conflict (pp. 71–88). Clevedon, UK: Channel View.Google Scholar
  20. Loynes, C. (1998). Adventure in a bun. The Journal of Experimental Education, 21(1), 35–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Loynes, C. (2013). Globalisation, the market and outdoor adventure. In E. Pike & S. Beames (Eds.), Outdoor adventure and social theory (pp. 135–146). Abingdon, UK: Routledge.Google Scholar
  22. MacFarlane, R. (2003). Mountains of the mind. London: Granta.Google Scholar
  23. MacNaghten, P., & Urry, J. (1998). Contested natures. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  24. Martínková, I., & Parry, J. (2017). Safe danger: On the experience of challenge, adventure and risk in education. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy, 11(1), 75–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Outdoor Adventure River Specialists. (n.d.). The dory experience. Retrieved from https://www.oars.com/grandcanyon/dories/
  26. Pescod, M. (2017). Point to point. Retrieved from https://www.jottnar.com/legend/point-point
  27. Pine, B., & Gilmore, J. (2011). The experience economy. London: Harvard Business.Google Scholar
  28. Pomfret, G., & Bramwell, B. (2016). The characteristics and motivational decisions of outdoor adventure tourists: A review and analysis. Current Issues in Tourism, 19(14), 1447–1478.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Ritzer, G. (1993). The McDonaldization of society: An investigation into the changing character of contemporary social life. Newbury Park, CA: Pine Forge Press.Google Scholar
  30. Sharpley, R. (2003). Tourism, tourists and society (3rd ed.). Huntingdon, UK: ELM.Google Scholar
  31. Slow Food. (2015). About us. Retrieved from https://www.slowfood.com/
  32. Slow Adventure. (2017). Slow adventure. Retrieved from http://www.slowadventure.scot/
  33. St. John, R. (2013). Down the Grand Canyon in dories. Retrieved from http://www.richardstjohn.com/blog/down-the-grand-canyon-in-dories/2013/07/07/
  34. Stebbins, R. (2007). Serious leisure: A perspective for our time. London: Transaction.Google Scholar
  35. Steiner, C., & Reisinger, Y. (2006). Understanding existential authenticity. Annals of Tourism Research, 33(2), 299–318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Swarbrooke, J., Beard, C., Leckie, S., & Pomfret, G. (2003). Adventure tourism: The new frontier. Abingdon, UK: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Swarbrooke, J., & Horner, S. (2007). Consumer behaviour in tourism. Oxford, UK: Elsevier.Google Scholar
  38. Timm Knudsen, B., & Waade, A. (2010). Re-Investing authenticity: Tourism, place and emotions. Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar
  39. United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO). (2018a). Methodological notes to the Tourism Statistics Database. Retrieved from http://statistics.unwto.org/news/2018-03-23/methodological-notes-tourism-statistics-database-2018-edition
  40. United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO). (2018b). UNWTO Tourism highlights (2017 edition). Retrieved from https://www.e-unwto.org/doi/pdf/10.18111/9789284419029
  41. Van Bottenburg, M., & Salome, L. (2010). The indoorisation of outdoor sports: An exploration of the rise of lifestyle sports in artificial settings. Leisure Studies, 29(2), 143–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Varley, P. (2006). Confecting adventure and playing with meaning: The adventure commodification continuum. Journal of Sport & Tourism, 11(2), 173–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Varley, P. (2012). Max Weber: Rationalization and new realms of the commodity form. In E. Pike & S. Beames (Eds.), Outdoor adventure and social theory (pp. 34–42). Abingdon, UK: Routledge.Google Scholar
  44. Varley, P., & Semple, T. (2015). Nordic slow adventure: Explorations in time and nature. Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, 15(1–2), 73–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Wang, N. (1999). Rethinking authenticity in tourism experience. Annals of Tourism Research, 26(2), 349–370.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Weiss, T. (2004). Tourism in America before World War II. The Journal of Economic History, 64(2), 289–327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Yeti. (2015). Yeti presents: In current. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/qkApBW1GC80

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Simon Beames
    • 1
  • Chris Mackie
    • 2
  • Matthew Atencio
    • 3
  1. 1.University of EdinburghEdinburghUK
  2. 2.University of the Highlands and IslandsInvernessUK
  3. 3.California State University East BayHaywardUSA

Personalised recommendations