Improved Interleaving Scheme for PAPR Reduction in MIMO-OFDM Systems

  • Lingyin WangEmail author
  • Xiaoqing Jiang
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10956)


Just like orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) systems, the large peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) as one of the main shortcomings still exists in multi-input multi-output (MIMO) OFDM systems. Interleaving scheme is one of the attractive technologies for PAPR reduction and it can be directly used for each transmit antenna in MIMO-OFDM systems, called as ordinary interleaving scheme. In this paper, an improved interleaving scheme for PAPR reduction in MIMO-OFDM systems is proposed. Different from ordinary interleaving scheme, which transmit antenna is selected to perform the interleaving in proposed interleaving scheme is dominated by PAPR values of OFDM candidate sequences. Namely, the proposed interleaving scheme reorders the sequence from the antenna with the highest PAPR in the successive step after the PAPR of the original OFDM sequences are calculated. As a result, the proposed interleaving scheme can obtain better PAPR reduction performance compared with ordinary interleaving scheme.


Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing Multi-input Multi-output Interleaving 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 61501204).


  1. 1.
    Prasad, R.: OFDM for Wireless Communications Systems. Artech House Publishers, Boston (2004)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bingham, J.A.C.: Multicarrier modulation for data transmission: an idea whose time has come. IEEE Commun. Mag. 28(5), 5–14 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Yang, H.: A road to future broadband wireless access: MIMO-OFDM-based air interface. IEEE Commun. Mag. 43(1), 53–60 (2005)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Jiang, T., Wu, Y.: An overview: peak-to-average power ratio reduction techniques for OFDM signals. IEEE Trans. Broadcast. 54(2), 257–268 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Han, S.H., Lee, J.H.: An overview of peak-to-average power ratio reduction for multicarrier transmission. IEEE Wirel. Commun. 12(2), 56–65 (2005)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jayalath, A.D.S., Athaudage, C.R.N.: On the PAR reduction of OFDM signals using multiple signal representation. IEEE Commun. Lett. 7(8), 425–427 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jayalath, A.D.S., Tellambura, C.: The use of interleaving to reduce the peak-to-average power ratio of an OFDM signal. In: IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (GLOBECOM), vol. 1, pp. 82–86, San Francisco, USA (2000)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ryu, H.-G., Kim, S.-K., Ryu, S.-B.: Interleaving method without side information for the PAPR reduction of OFDM system. In: International Symposium on Communications and Information Technologies, Sydney, Australia, vol. 1, pp. 72–76 (2007)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wang, L., Yang, X.: Improved interleaving PAPR reduction scheme of OFDM signals with BPSK inputs. In: International Conference on Information Technology and Applications, Xi’an, China, vol. 1, pp. 263–268 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Malathi, P., Vanathi, P.T.: Improved interleaving technique for PAPR reduction in OFDM-MIMO system. In: Second Asia International Conference on Modeling and Simulation, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, vol. 1, pp. 253–258 (2008)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bäuml, R.W., Fisher, R.F.H., Huber, J.B.: Reducing the peak-to-average power ratio of multicarrier modulation by selected mapping. IET Electron. Lett. 32(22), 2056–2057 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Park, J., Hong, E., Har, D.S.: Low complexity data decoding for SLM-based OFDM systems without side information. IEEE Commun. Lett. 15(6), 611–613 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Fischer, R.F.H., Hoch, M.: Directed selected mapping for peak-to-average power ratio reduction in MIMO OFDM. IET Electron. Lett. 42(22), 1289–1290 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hassan, E.S., El-Khamy, S.E., Dessouky, M.I., El-Dolil, S.A., Abd El-Samie, F.E.: Peak-to-average power ratio reduction in space-time block coded multi-input multi-output orthogonal frequency division multiplexing systems using a small overhead selective mapping scheme. IET Commun. 3(10), 1667–1674 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Müller, S.H., Huber, J.B.: OFDM with reduced peak-to-average power ratio by optimum combination of partial transmit sequences. IET Electron. Lett. 33(5), 368–369 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hou, H., Ge, J., Li, J.: Peak-to-average power ratio reduction of OFDM signals using PTS scheme with low computational complexity. IEEE Trans. Broadcast. 57(1), 143–148 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Lim, D.-W., Heo, S.-J., No, J.-S.: A new PTS OFDM scheme with low complexity for PAPR reduction. IEEE Trans. Broadcast. 52(1), 77–82 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Yang, L., Soo, K.K., Li, S.Q., Siu, Y.M.: PAPR reduction using low complexity PTS to construct of OFDM signals without side information. IEEE Trans. Broadcast. 57(2), 284–290 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Jiang, T., Guizani, M., Chen, H.-H., Xiang, W., Wu, Y.: Derivation of PAPR distribution for OFDM wireless systems based on extreme value theory. IEEE Trans. Wirel. Commun. 7(4), 1298–1305 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Tellambura, C.: Computation of the continuous-time PAR of an OFDM signal with BPSK subcarriers. IEEE Commun. Lett. 5(5), 185–187 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Information Science and EngineeringUniversity of JinanJinanPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations