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Toward a Comprehensive Understanding of Environmental Perturbations in Microbial Mats from the Cuatro Cienegas Basin by Network Inference

  • Valerie De Anda
  • Icoquih Zapata-Peñasco
  • Luis E. Eguiarte
  • Valeria Souza
Chapter
Part of the Cuatro Ciénegas Basin: An Endangered Hyperdiverse Oasis book series (CUCIBA)

Abstract

The Cuatro Cienegas Basin (CCB) encompasses hundreds of aquatic systems that harbor diverse microbialites with different community structure composition and with the highest level of endemism in North America. Thus, CCB represents a desert oasis of high biodiversity. Despite the great importance of this unique site, increasing demand on water for agricultural development (forage and feed livestock) was first manifested with extraction of groundwater in 2011, starting the drying process of aquifers and desertification of the Churince Lagoon. As consequence, water levels have been drastically fluctuating, affecting all ecosystem functions. This chapter reviews a recent network-based approach used to understand how the anthropogenic disturbances affect one of the most resistant microbial communities since the Archean, microbial mats.

Keywords

Network-Inference Aquatic systems Biodiversity Water Overexploitation Microbial mats 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Valerie De Anda
    • 1
  • Icoquih Zapata-Peñasco
    • 2
  • Luis E. Eguiarte
    • 1
  • Valeria Souza
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Ecología EvolutivaInstituto de Ecología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoCoyoacanMexico
  2. 2.Instituto Mexicano del PetróleoMexico CityMexico

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