Prisoners’ Emigration Goals and Achievements Before and After Release

  • Angelica Hîrju
  • Lucian Rotariu


The article explores the emigration goals and achievements of former convicts from Bucharest–Jilava penitentiary. The former convicts’ perceptions are examined longitudinally with the starting point during incarceration a short time before their liberation (1–14 days) and then sequentially at 1 week, 1 month and 3 months after regaining their freedom. The results suggest that the migration phenomena for ex-inmates could be explained at the intersection of the neoclassical economic and relative deprivation theories.


Emigration goals Ethnographic research Transition to freedom Prison release Life after prison 



The Ethnography of the Prisoner’s Transition (EPTrans) is supported by EEA/Norway grants. Please visit for more information and for other results of this research.

We give our special thanks to the participants in the study who allowed us to be part of their lives before their release and after.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angelica Hîrju
    • 1
  • Lucian Rotariu
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Psychology and Educational SciencesUniversity of BucharestBucharestRomania
  2. 2.Faculty of Sociology and Social WorkUniversity of BucharestBucharestRomania

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