Diabetic Retinopathy: Pathogenesis, Treatment, and Complications
Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes. Majority of diabetic patients with high blood glucose face the challenge of dealing with retinopathy and macular edema as the disease progresses. Although treatment choices and care are available to manage and symptomatically treat Diabetic retinopathy the current understanding is limited and lacks options for treatment and rescue strategies. Pharmacological options include anti-VEGF treatment strategies and surgical procedures. The present review provides insights in to type of diabetic retinopathy, along with different stages of the disease. In addition, the roles for health care providers, importance of pharmacists for treatment and management of diabetic retinopathy patient care are discussed.
KeywordsDiabetic retinopathy Drug delivery VEGF Glucose
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