Practical Pavement Design Approach Subjected to Seepage Conditions

  • Anand TapaseEmail author
  • M. S. Ranadive
Conference paper
Part of the Sustainable Civil Infrastructures book series (SUCI)


The water seeps through the base and subgrade which results in a decrease in the life of the pavement by a reduction in modulus of underneath layers. Accurate analysis of water seepage through soil is essential to achieve a more durable design of pavement. A present-day system demands an application of analytical tool which will enhance the scope to find the unknown nodal values along with governing parameters like seepage pressures and gradients. In this connection, the advantages of the versatile finite element technique over the other available methods for seepage analysis holds a bright promise. This study illustrates the effectiveness of finite element analysis of two-dimensional steady-state seepage fields with the confined flow boundaries in considering a practical design approach for achieving the optimum pavement section subjected to seepage conditions. In the analysis, it is assumed that the energy supplied to the soil mass is entirely dissipated due to the seepage through the mass, which provides the basis for the formulation of the set of governing equations. The solution gives the unknown nodal discharge. It is noticed that the discharge at the nodes representing the inflow into the medium is positive, and is negative for the nodes representing the outflow from the medium. Such type of analysis proves beneficial for deriving useful design charts/procedures by correlating the obtained data from analysis with the actual field condition.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringRayat Shikshan Sanstha’s, Karmaveer Bhaurao Patil College of EngineeringSataraIndia
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringCollege of EngineeringPuneIndia

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