Visual Diagnosis in the Newborn

  • David A. ClarkEmail author


As healthcare providers, when asked to look at a baby, the first impression is visual.

There are many anatomical characteristics which are indicative of well-defined syndromes or conditions. Others may fall into a “gray zone” where the visual findings are less clear but can lead the provider to a path to establish a differential diagnosis.

This chapter evaluates many of the visual signs which we encounter on a daily basis. We must remember that there is a broad range of “normal” and variability should be considered before rendering an opinion. Clear documentation of the anatomical findings is important for a correct decision regarding a definitive diagnosis.


Ear configurations Head shapes Scalp Hair Natal teeth Neck masses Umbilical cord abnormalities Limb anomalies 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PediatricsAlbany Medical CenterAlbanyUSA

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