Traffic Data Characterization for Road Rehabilitation: A Case Study of the Korogwe-Mombo Road Section in Tanzania

  • Julius J. KombaEmail author
  • Mussa Mataka
  • John T. Malisa
  • Lubinda F. Walubita
  • James W. Maina
Conference paper
Part of the Sustainable Civil Infrastructures book series (SUCI)


Traffic loading is one of the key inputs for the structural design of pavements. For pavement design purposes, heavy vehicles are mostly used for the estimation of the traffic load spectra, as they cause the most structural damage to pavements. As part of the pavement design process, heavy vehicle volume and axle load surveys are typically carried out to assist with the accurate estimation of the cumulative traffic loading over a pavement design period. However, traffic volumes, axle loads and, ultimately, the cumulative traffic loading are often not uniform due to factors, such as varying motorist population and economic activities along the length of road. In this paper, a comparative assessment of traffic loading estimated during the rehabilitation design in 2005 and the actual measured site-specific traffic loading in 2015, as well as the projected future traffic loading were conducted for the Korogwe-Mombo road section along the T2 trunk road that connects Tanzania’s business hub of Dar es Salaam with the northern regional cities. The T2 trunk road is also used by heavy vehicles travelling to and from the neighbouring countries of Kenya and Uganda. This study found inter alia that the cumulative traffic loading based on the 2015 measured site-specific traffic data is approximately 2.8 times higher than the design traffic loading based on the 2005 traffic data, which illustrates the importance of using the latest, most accurate and reliable traffic data during rehabilitation design. To improve the accurate determination of traffic loading, traffic studies should ideally be conducted over a long period (typically over one year), but this is not practical and cost effective when traditional manual methods are used. Hence, road agencies should consider installing portable or permanent automated traffic and Weigh-In-Motion (WIM) monitoring systems.


Pavement Traffic Weight Axle load Weigh-In-Motion (WIM) 



The authors would like to acknowledge the Tanzania National Roads Agency (TANROADS) and the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) for funding this study.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julius J. Komba
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mussa Mataka
    • 2
  • John T. Malisa
    • 2
  • Lubinda F. Walubita
    • 3
  • James W. Maina
    • 4
  1. 1.Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), University of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa
  2. 2.Tanzania National Roads Agency (TANROADS), Central Materials LaboratoryDar es SalaamTanzania
  3. 3.TTI—The Texas A&M University SystemCollege StationUSA
  4. 4.University of PretoriaHatfieldSouth Africa

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