Advertisement

Electrometric Control Method for Processes Proceeding at Boundary Sliding Friction

  • O. N. Petrov
  • A. N. Sokolnikov
  • D. V. Agrovichenko
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)

Abstract

The results of research of the processes proceeding on frictional contact at boundary friction at a transmission through it a direct current are presented. The research method provided determination of optical and antiwear properties of oils. The three-ball friction machine with a “ball-cylinder” scheme is used for the research of antiwear properties. During the testing, three fixed balls contact with rotating cylinder along individual friction paths. Through the friction couple, an electric current of a certain magnitude and polarity is passed, the change of which is recorded as a diagram on the computer monitor. The antiwear properties were evaluated by the formation time of the protective boundary layer and the arithmetic average value of the diameter of the wear spot on three balls. The optical properties of the oils were estimated from the absorption coefficient of the light stream. The influence of the current polarity on the antiwear properties of oils was investigated for commercial and brown oils of different base basics in the conditions of a change of the magnitude and current polarity passed through the contact of the balls and the cylinder during friction. In addition, the load on the balls changed and the influence of the operating parameters on the formation time of the frictional contact area was estimated.

Keywords

Coefficient of electrical conductivity of a boundary layer Duration of plastic Elastoplastic and elastic deformations in contact The friction car with the scheme “ball-cylinder” Coefficient of absorption of a light stream Polarity of current Pressure in a contact 

References

  1. 1.
    Matveevskij RM (1971) Temperaturnaja stojkost’ granichnyh smazochnyh sloev i tverdyh smazochnyh pokrytij pri trenii metallov i splavov (Temperature resistance of boundary lubricating layers and solid lubricating coatings in friction of metals and alloys). MoscowGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Vitjaz’ PA, Panin VE, Belyj AV et al (2002) Mehanika plasticheskoj deformacii i razrushenija poverhnostno-uprochnennyh tverdyh tel v uslovijah trenija (Mechanics of plastic deformation and destruction of surface-hardened solids under friction conditions). Fizicheskaja mezomehanika 1:15–28Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kolubaev AV, Tarasov SYu, Sizova OV et al (2007) Jevoljucija struktury poverhnostnogo sloja metallov v uslovijah trenija skol’zhenija (Evolution of the structure of the surface layer of metals under sliding friction conditions). Trenie Iznos 6:582–590Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Studt P (1989) Boundary lubrication: adsorption of oil additives on steel and ceramic surfaces and its influence on friction and wear. Tribology Int 2:111–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ahmatov AS (1963) Molekuljarnaja fizika granichnogo trenija. (Molecular physics of boundary friction). MoscowGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kovalskiy BI, Bezborodov YN, Petrov ON et al (2011) The device for testing of the rubbing materials and oils. RF Patent 2,428,677, 10 Sept 2011Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kovalskiy BI, Petrov ON, Shram VG (2014) The method of increase in wear resistance of friction couple. RF Patent 2,514,189, 27 Apr 2014Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kovalskiy BI, Sorokin GM, Efremov AP (1983) The method of lubricating property definition of oils. USSR Patent 2,428,677, 1983Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bujanovskij IA, Fuks IG, Shabalina TN (2002) Granichnaja smazka: Jetapy razvitija tribologii (Boundary Lubrication: Stages of Tribology Development). MoscowGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bujanovskij IA (2003) K primeneniju kineticheskogo podhoda dlja opisanija processa granichnoj smazki (To the application of the kinetic approach for the description of the process of boundary lubrication). Trenie Iznos 24(3):313–321Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Baltenas R, Safonov AS, Ushakov AI et al (2000) Motornye masla (Engine oils). Moscow-SPbGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Gnatchenko II (2000) Avtomobil’nye masla, smazki, prisadki: spravochnik avtomobilista (Motor oils, lubricants, additives: motorist’s guide). Moscow-SPbGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Gershman IS, Bushe NA, Mironov AE et al (2003) Samoorganizacija vtorichnyh struktur pri trenii (Self-organization of secondary structures in friction). Trenie Iznos 3:329–334Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Gershman IS, Bushe NA (1995) Realizacija dissipativnoj samoorganizacii poverhnostej trenija v tribosistemah (Realization of dissipative self-organization of friction surfaces in tribosystems). Trenie Iznos 1:61–70Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kuzharov AS, Bulgarevich SB, Kuzharov AA et al (2002) Molekuljarnye mehanizmy samoorganizacii pri trenii (Molecular mechanisms of self-organization in friction). Trenie Iznos 6:645–651Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Myshkin NK, Petrokobec MI, Pleskachevskij YuM et al (2002) Tribologija v rabotah Belogo VA (Tribology in the works of Belov VA). Trenie Iznos 3:230–235Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Chichinadze AV, Braun JeD, Bushe NA et al (2001) Osnovy tribologii (trenie, iznos, smazka): uchebnik dlja tehnicheskih vuzov (Fundamentals of tribology (friction, wear, lubrication): a textbook for technical universities). MoscowGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Anisimov IG, Badysheva KM, Bnatov SA et al (1999) Topliva, smazochnye materialy, tehnicheskie zhidkosti. Assortiment i primenenie: Spravochnik (Fuels, lubricants, technical fluids. Assortment and application: Directory). MoscowGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Itinskaja NI, Kuznecov NA (1982) Spravochnik po toplivu, maslam i tehnicheskim zhidkostjam (Handbook of fuels, oils and technical fluids). MoscowGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    GOST 17479.1-85 (1999) Masla motornye. Klassifikacija i oboznachenie. (Engine oil. Classification and designation.)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. N. Petrov
    • 1
  • A. N. Sokolnikov
    • 1
  • D. V. Agrovichenko
    • 1
  1. 1.Siberian Federal UniversityKrasnoyarskRussia

Personalised recommendations