Advertisement

Optimizing Consumption of Gas Fuel Using Static Method of Tuning Automobile Gas-Cylinder Equipment

  • A. V. Gritsenko
  • V. D. Shepelev
  • E. V. Shepeleva
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)

Abstract

One of the promising areas in the field of vehicle operation is its conversion to gas fuel (natural gas and methane). Shuttle and taxi cars up to 80% are equipped with gas equipment. A number of automobile plants, both passenger and freight, are concentrated on the production of gas vehicles from the conveyor belt. The main advantages of using gas are significant economy, as well as reduced fuel consumption and toxicity. But with all the advantages of statistics, every second car, running on gas, works with fuel overruns. The analysis of observations from the practice of installing gas equipment indicates some averaging of environmental and economic norms. The adjustment and self-learning by the standard methods are carried out only with the movement of the car. At the same time, it is possible to fine-tune the gas-cylinder equipment on a static (stationary) car. The novelty of the proposed tuning technique is to create a wide range of load ranges for a working internal combustion engine. The loading is performed by the method of full and partial shutdown of the working cylinders. The necessary order of disconnection is provided by the diagnostic device—DBD-3. It is established that this method achieves a reduction in 1.1–2 times of fuel consumption and emission of toxic components.

Keywords

Engine Gas-cylinder equipment Adjustment Loading ICE speed Environmental friendliness Economy 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The work was supported by Act 211 Government of the Russian Federation, contract № 02.A03.21.0011.

References

  1. 1.
    Khan MI, Yasmeen T, Khan MI et al (2016) Research progress in the development of natural gas as fuel for road vehicles. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 66:702–741.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2016.08CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Milkins EE, Allen RG, Edsell VD (1990) Gaseous fuel injection system for the operation of heavy duty engines on natural gas. In: Proceedings—Society of Automotive Engineers, pp 203–209Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Eck C, Konigorski U, Cianflone F et al (2011) Fault detection system for the air path of common rail diesel engines with low pressure EGR. SAE Technical PapersGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kimmich F, Isermann R (2002) Model based fault detection for the injection, combustion and engine-transmission. In: IFAC proceedings volumes 15(1), pp 203–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Erokhov VI, Murachev EG, Revonchenkov AM (2009) Mathematical model and control algorithm for gas-driven ICE. In: Materials of the international scientific symposium “Autotractor-building-2009”, vol 2, pp 75–77Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dmitrievsky AV, Shatrov EV (1985) Fuel economy of gasoline engines. Mech Eng, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zlotin GN, Zakharov EA, Kuzmin AV (2007) Adjustment of the gasoline engine for its transfer to liquefied petroleum gas. Drive Eng 2:29–31Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gas analyzers. Access mode: http://car-test.ru/product_543.html#
  9. 9.
    Hajari SC (1996) Diagnosis and repair of excessively emitting vehicles. J Air Waste Manag Assoc 46(10):940–952.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10473289.1996.10467529CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gurgenci H, Aminossadati SM (2009) Investigating the use of methane as diesel fuel in off-road haul road truck operations. J Energy Resour Technol 131(3).  https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3185350CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Pasechnik DV (2004) Gas fuel supply system for injection engines ZMZ. J Autom Ind 5:12–15Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Gritsenko AV, Plaksin AM, Shepelev VD (2017) Studuing lubrication system of turbocompressor rotor with integrated electronic control. Procedia Eng 206:611–616CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Evans-Pughe C (2006) Learning to drive [tightening emissions regulations]. Eng Technol 1(2):42–45.  https://doi.org/10.1049/et:20060205CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Shishkov VA (2011) Algorithm for diagnostics of HBO elements in the electronic control system of ICE with spark ignition. AvtogazoZapravochny complex + alternative fuel. Int Sci Tech J 1:7–15Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Gritsenko A, Kukov S, Glemba K (2016) Theoretical underpinning of diagnosing the cylinder group during motoring. Procedia Eng 150:1182–1187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Gritsenko A, Plaksin A, Glemba K (2016) Experimental studies of cylinder group state during motoring. Procedia Eng 150:1188–1191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Gumus M, Ugurlu A (2011) Application of phase change materials to pre-heating of evaporator and pressure regulator of a gaseous sequential injection system. Appl Energy 88(12):4803–4810.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2011.06.053CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Gritsenko AV (2014) Development of test methods for diagnosing the operability of power systems and lubrication of internal combustion engines (experimental and production implementation using the example of internal combustion engines). Dissertation, South Ural State Agrarian UniversityGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Karavalakis G, Short D, Russell RL et al (2014) Assessing the impacts of ethanol and isobutanol on gaseous and particulate emissions from flexible fuel vehicles. Environ Sci Technol 48(23):14016–14024.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es5034316CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    NTS (2012) Manuals: Computer complex MOTOR-Tester MT10КM with software MT10 and block of automobile diagnostics AMД-4AКM. LLC “Scientific and Production Enterprise” NTS, SamaraGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Stein RA, Anderson JE, Wallington TJ (2013) An overview of the effects of ethanol-gasoline blends on SI engine performance, fuel efficiency, and emissions. SAE Int J Engines 6(1):470–487.  https://doi.org/10.4271/2013-01-1635CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Gonçalves M, Jiménez-Guerrero P, Baldasano JM (2009) Emissions variation in urban areas resulting from the introduction of natural gas vehicles: application to Barcelona and Madrid greater areas (Spain). Sci Total Environ 407(10):3269–3281.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.01.039CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. V. Gritsenko
    • 1
    • 2
  • V. D. Shepelev
    • 1
  • E. V. Shepeleva
    • 1
  1. 1.South Ural State UniversityChelyabinskRussia
  2. 2.South Ural State Agrarian UniversityChelyabinskRussia

Personalised recommendations