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Membrane Technology

  • Priya Banerjee
  • Rasel Das
  • Papita Das
  • Aniruddha Mukhopadhyay
Chapter
Part of the Carbon Nanostructures book series (CARBON)

Abstract

Almost one-third of the global population is presently threatened by water scarcity owing to unplanned civilization and industrialization. For addressing these challenges, membrane technology has been widely investigated for reclamation and reuse of different streams of wastewater. Other than removal of macro-, micro- and nanopollutants from effluents, significant focus has been placed upon desalination efficiency of membranes as well. In comparison to conventional membranes, carbon nanotube (CNT)-based membranes have been found to exhibit superior antifouling and self-cleaning properties with very low energy consumption. This chapter describes different types of CNT-based membranes reported in contemporary research for water purification. It also highlights the drawbacks and future challenges of using CNT membranes for wastewater treatment. The different aspects of CNT membrane-based water purification compiled in this chapter will help the potential readers including academicians, membrane technologists, environmentalists, and industrialists aiming to alleviate water scarcity issues.

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors acknowledge all members of Department of Environmental Science, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, and Department of Chemical Engineering, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, for their constant support and suggestions.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Priya Banerjee
    • 1
  • Rasel Das
    • 2
  • Papita Das
    • 3
  • Aniruddha Mukhopadhyay
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental ScienceUniversity of CalcuttaKolkataIndia
  2. 2.Chemical DepartmentFunctional Nano & Micro-Structured Surface, Leibniz-Institute of Surface ModificationLeipzigGermany
  3. 3.Department of Chemical EngineeringJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia

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