• Bernard Faye
  • Mohammed Bengoumi


Hormones are a group of molecules produced by specific glandes (called endocrines), transported in the bloodstream to target distant organs where they regulate their physiology. By their action, they contribute to the regulation of metabolism and vital function including digestion, respiration, lactation, reproduction, sensory perception, nycthemeral rhythm, excretion, etc. The list of hormones with clinical interest in camel is similar to that in all mammals. In camel, the hormones contributed to the reproduction cycle. The seasonal physiology of reproduction in this species can be explained by the sexual hormones metabolism, notably in male where testosterone concentration in plasma is under complex seasonal influence. Thyroid hormones are also implied in the seasonal sexual activity. As easily stressed animal, camel is also sensitive to the hormones of the stress like cortisol. Other hormones are participating to the management of the fat storage (leptin) which is concentrated in the hump, a particularity of the species.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bernard Faye
    • 1
  • Mohammed Bengoumi
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Centre de Coopération International en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement Research UnitSELMET (Livestock system in Mediterranean and tropical milieu)MontpellierFrance
  2. 2.FAO Regional OfficeTunisTunisia
  3. 3.IAV Hassan IIRabatMorocco

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