Advertisement

Sports Medicine in the Adolescent and Young Adult Athlete

  • Rebecca RobinsonEmail author
Chapter
Part of the In Clinical Practice book series (ICP)

Abstract

This chapter outlines common sports injuries in an adolescent and young adult (AYA) population as well as the presentation, investigation and management of common musculoskeletal injury patterns. The concepts of overuse injury and relative energy deficiency syndrome are explored to enable healthcare professionals to identify risk factors for the sporting AYA.

Keywords

Physical activity Adolescence Physical inactivity Avulsion Growth plate Apophysitis Stress fracture 

References

  1. 1.
    Sibley BA, Etnier JL. The relationship between physical activity and cognition in children: a meta-analysis. Pediatr Exerc Sci. 2003;15:243–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ortega FB, Ruiz JR, Castillo MJ, et al. Physical fitness in childhood and adolescence: a powerful marker of health. Int J Obes. 2008;32:1–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Henriksson H, et al. Muscular weakness in adolescence is associated with disability 30 years later: a population-based cohort study of 1.2 million men. Br J Sports Med. 2018;0:1–11.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Maffulli N, Baxter-Jones AD. Common skeletal injuries in young athletes. Sports Med. 1995;19:137–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Baxter-Jones A, Maffulli N, Helms P. Low injury rates in elite athletes. Arch Dis Child. 1993;68:130–2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Romani W, Gieck J, et al. Mechanisms and management of stress fractures in physically active persons. J Athl Train. 2002;37(3):306–14.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Fredericson M, Jennings F, Beaulieu C, Matheson G. Stress fractures in athletes. Top Magn Reson Imaging. 2006;17(5):309–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Siebenrock KA, Ferner F, Noble PC, et al. The cam-type deformity of the proximal femur arises in childhood in response to vigorous sporting activity. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2011;469:3229–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Mountjoy M, Sungot-Borgen S, Burke L, et al. Beyond the female athlete triad: relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S). Br J Sports Med. 2014;48(49):491–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Adams JE. Little league shoulder: osteochondrosis of the proximal humeral epiphysis in boy baseball pitchers. Calif Med. 1966;105(1):22–5.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Armstrong N. Children are still fit, but not active. Educ Health. 2011;29(3):p. 43.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Gholve PA, Scher DM, Khakharia S, Widmann RF, Green DW. Osgood Schlatter syndrome. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2007;19(1):44–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kumar B, Robinson R, Till SH. Physical activity in health and adolescence. Clin Med. 2015;15(3):267–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Schranz N, Tomkinson G, Parletta N, Petov J, Olds T. Can resistance training change the strength, body composition and self-concept of overweight and obese adolescent males? A randomised controlled trial. Br J Sports Med. 2014;48:1482–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Torg JS. The little league pitcher. Am Fam Physician. 1972;6(2):71–6.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Royal Hallamshire HospitalSheffieldUK

Personalised recommendations