Autologous Reconstruction: Basic Principles for Free Flaps

  • Hisham Fansa
  • Christoph Heitmann


Autologous tissue is the best and long lasting kind of reconstruction. The tissue is warm, soft and feels like breast tissue. Autologous tissue ages naturally. It sags with gravity or gains and loses weight together with the patient’s constitution.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hisham Fansa
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Christoph Heitmann
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic SurgeryKlinikum BielefeldGermany
  2. 2.Center for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery and Reconstructive Breast SurgeryMunichGermany
  3. 3.Center for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery and Reconstructive Breast SurgeryZurichSwitzerland
  4. 4.Practice for Plastic SurgeryMunichGermany

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