A Computer Called the Universe

  • Sergio Carrà
Part of the The Frontiers Collection book series (FRONTCOLL)


On a shining morning in the summer of 1948, Ralph Alpher, a 27-year-old graduate student, was walking in his most elegant suit towards the main building of the Princeton University to discuss his Ph.D. dissertation. The event had generated a lot of public interest because of the unusual topic, prominently mentioned in the local newspaper: he was going to debate aspects of the world’s creation.


  1. Alpher R.A., H. Bethe, G. Gamow. The origin of Chemical Elements, Phys. Rev. Letters, 73, 7, 1948, 803-804.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Burbidge E.M., Burbidge G.R., Fowler W.A. and Hoyle Fred. Synthesis of the Elements in Stars, Revs. Mod. Physics 29:547–650, 1957.Google Scholar
  3. Kragh Helge. Cosmology and Controversy, Princeton University Press, 1996. Robert Oerter. The Theory of almost Everything, Pi Press, New York, 2006.Google Scholar
  4. Herbst Eric, Ewine F. van Dishoeck. Complex Organic Interstellar Molecules, Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 2009. 47:427–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Lloyd Seth. Programming the Universe, Knopf, 2006.Google Scholar
  6. Lloyd Seth. Ultimate physical limits to computation, NATURE | VOL 406 | 31 AUGUST 2000 |
  7. Miller Stanley. Production of amino acids under possible primitive earth conditions. Science. 117 (3046), 1953: 528–529.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hazen Robert. Genesis, National Academy Press, 2005.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sergio Carrà
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Materials and Chemical EngineeringPolytechnic UniversityMilanItaly

Personalised recommendations