Devils, Ratchets and Biomolecular Motors

  • Sergio Carrà
Part of the The Frontiers Collection book series (FRONTCOLL)


Some students like to wear T-shirts decorated with eye-catching, although cryptic, mathematical equations that disclose the existence of light radiations. This writing is attributed to God through the implicit presence of the biblical “Fiat Lux”. Actually, this is plagiarism, because the actual author was James Clerk Maxwell, a British mathematician and physicist of the eighteenth century, well known for having formulated a theoretical synthesis of electricity and magnetism.


  1. Tolman C. Richard, Paul C. Fine. On the Irreversible Production of Entropy, Rev. Mod.Phys. 20, 1, 1948, 51-77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Richard Feynman, Robert Leighton, Matthew Sands. The Feynman lectures on Physics, Addison-Wesley, Reading, 1963.Google Scholar
  3. Gollub Jerry, David Pine. Microscopic irreversibility and chaos, Physics Today August 2006.Google Scholar
  4. Astumian R. Dean. Design principles for Brownian molecular machines: how to swim in molasses and walk in a hurricane, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2007, 9, 5067–5083 | 5067.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Vologodskii Alexander. Energy transformation in biological molecular motors, Physics of Life Reviews 3 (2006) 119–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ganhui Lan, Sean X. Sun. Mechanochemical models of processive molecular motors, Molecular Physics, Vol. 110, Nos. 9–10, 10–20 May 2012, 1017–1034.Google Scholar
  7. Von Ballmoos Christoph, Alexander Wiedenmann, and Peter Dimroth. Essentials for ATP Synthesis by F1F0 ATP Synthases, Annu. Rev. Biochem. 2009. 78:649–72.Google Scholar
  8. Kolomeisky Anatoly B., Michael E. Fisher. Molecular Motors, A Theorist’s Perspective, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 2007. 58:675–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sergio Carrà
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Materials and Chemical EngineeringPolytechnic UniversityMilanItaly

Personalised recommendations