Advertisement

The Endocrine System

  • Mubashar Hussain Sherazi
Chapter

Abstract

Thyroid history and examination is one of the very important topics for the OSCE. It is frequently repeated. It is very important to practice focused history and thyroid examination well before the actual examination. When I used to practice with my colleagues for OSCE, I found it very difficult to complete both the history and examination of the thyroid in 8–10 min.

Diabetes is also a very important topic for the OSCE. Diabetes-related topics can come in many different forms: a simple first visit history and examination, a diabetic foot examination, a teenage patient with diabetes, or with atypical presentations, for example, fatigue.

This chapter will outline a few common topics related to diabetes and the thyroid.

Keywords

Thyroid history Thyroid examination Prediabetic counseling Child with diabetes Diabetic foot 

References

  1. 1.
    Hurley KF. Ch 9. Endocrinology. In:OSCE and clinical skills handbook. 2nd ed. Toronto: Elsevier; 2011. p. 271–2.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mathur R. Hypothyroidism symptoms, diet, natural and medical treatments, and tests. MedicineNet.com. https://www.medicinenet.com/hypothyroidism/article.htm. Accessed 11 Apr 2018.
  3. 3.
    Mayo Clinic. Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid). https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hypothyroidism/symptoms-causes/syc-20350284. Accessed 11 Apr 2018.
  4. 4.
    Diabetes Australia. Type 1 diabetes. https://www.diabetesaustralia.com.au/type-1-diabetes. Accessed 11 Apr 2018.
  5. 5.
    Diabetes Australia. Type 2 diabetes. https://www.diabetesaustralia.com.au/type-2-diabetes. Accessed 11 Apr 2018.
  6. 6.
    Diabetes in Control. Diabetic emergencies, part 5: DKA case studies. 2012. http://www.diabetesincontrol.com/diabetic-emergencies-part-5-dka-case-studies/. Accessed 11 Apr 2018.
  7. 7.
    Longmore M, Wilkinson IB, Davidson EH, Foulkes A, Mafi AR. Diabetic ketoacidosis. In: Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. 8th ed. Pakistan: Oxford University Press; 2010. p. 842–3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gale EAM, Anderson JV. Diabetic metabolic emergencies. In: Kumar P, Kumar CM, editors. Clark’s clinical medicine. 9th ed. Netherland: Elsevier; 2017. p. 1261–4.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Liang L. Infections atypical pneumonia. In: Li H, editor. Radiology of infectious diseases: volume 1. Dordrecht: Springer; 2015.Google Scholar

Further Reading

    Hypothyroidism

    1. 10.
      Haugen BR. Drugs that suppress TSH or cause central hypothyroidism. Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2009;23(6):793–800. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2784889/ CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    2. 11.
      Hurley KF. Ch 9. Endocrinology. In:OSCE and clinical skills handbook. 2nd ed. Toronto: Elsevier; 2011. p. 271–2.Google Scholar
    3. 12.
      Mathur R. Hypothyroidism symptoms, diet, natural and medical treatments, and tests. MedicineNet.com. https://www.medicinenet.com/hypothyroidism/article.htm
    4. 13.

    Hyperthyroidism

    1. 14.
      Murtagh J. Ch 82: asthma: dangerous signs. In:John Murtagh’s general practice. 6th ed. North Ryde: McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd; 2015. p. 227–38.Google Scholar

    Diabetes Mellitus

    1. 15.
      Diabetes Australia. Type 1 diabetes. https://www.diabetesaustralia.com.au/type-1-diabetes.
    2. 16.
      Diabetes Australia. Type 2 diabetes. https://www.diabetesaustralia.com.au/type-2-diabetes.

    Diabetic Detoacidosis

    1. 17.
      Oxford Medical Education. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). http://www.oxfordmedicaleducation.com/endocrinology/dka/.
    2. 18.
      Diabetes in Control. Diabetic emergencies, part 5: DKA case studies. 2012. http://www.diabetesincontrol.com/diabetic-emergencies-part-5-dka-case-studies/.
    3. 19.
      Longmore M, Wilkinson IB, Davidson EH, Foulkes A, Mafi AR. Diabetic ketoacidosis. In:Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. 8th ed: Oxford University Press; 2010. p. 842–3.Google Scholar
    4. 20.
      Ch 27. Diabetes mellitus. Diabetic metabolic emergencies. In: Kumar P, Clark M. Kumar and Clark’s clinical medicine, 9th edn. Elsevier; 2017. p. 1261–4.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mubashar Hussain Sherazi
    • 1
  1. 1.Mallacoota Medical CentreMallacootaAustralia

Personalised recommendations