Posttraumatic Hydrocephalus: Relevance, Mechanisms, Treatment, and Outcome

  • Fernando Campos Gomes Pinto
  • Matheus Fernandes de Oliveira


Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of death in children and young adults ranging from 15 to 30 years of age in the United States [1, 2]. TBI occurs at an alarming frequency of once every 23 s, resulting in 1.7 million incidences annually, including approximately 52,000 deaths [1–4].


Posttraumatic hydrocephalus Ventriculomegaly Decompressive craniectomy Ventriculoperitoneal shunt Interhemispheric hygroma Cranioplasty 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fernando Campos Gomes Pinto
    • 1
  • Matheus Fernandes de Oliveira
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Functional Neurosurgery of the Institute of PsychiatryClinics Hospital, University of São PauloSão PauloBrazil

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