Temporomandibular Disorders and Its Relationship with Fibromyalgia

  • Ana M. VellyEmail author
  • Hong Chen
  • João R. Ferreira
  • Shrisha Mohit
  • Maria Martha B. Tarozzo
  • James R. Fricton


Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is the second most common musculoskeletal condition resulting in orofacial pain and disability. Although most cases of temporomandibular muscle and joint disorders (TMJD) are mild and self-limiting, about 10% of TMJD patients develop severe disorders associated with chronic pain and disability. One in two patients seeking care still has pain 5 years later. The treatment of TMD has been an increasing financial burden, with annual US costs doubling in the last decade to $4 billion annually. It has been found that fibromyalgia (FM) plays a significant role in the persistence of TMD. This chapter reviews the characteristics and the relationship between TMD and FM, highlighting the importance of this comorbid condition in the management of TMD.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ana M. Velly
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hong Chen
    • 2
  • João R. Ferreira
    • 3
  • Shrisha Mohit
    • 1
  • Maria Martha B. Tarozzo
    • 1
  • James R. Fricton
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Dentistry, Jewish General Hospital, Faculty of DentistryMcGill UniversityMontréalCanada
  2. 2.University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill, School of DentistryChapel HillUSA
  3. 3.NC Oral Health InstituteSchool of Dentistry, UNC-Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  4. 4.University of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA

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