Sex and Gender Differences in Pain Across the Life Course

  • Ed KeoghEmail author


There has been increased interest in the role that sex and gender have in the perception and experience of pain. The general finding is that women experience more pain when compared to men. The aim of this chapter will be to provide readers with an overview of the themes that have emerged and summarize what we currently understand about the nature of sex and gender differences in pain. Given the focus of this volume is on pain across the life course, a secondary aim will be to consider male-female differences across different ages, i.e., child, adult, and older adult groups. It will cover epidemiological, laboratory, and clinical studies and consider some of the reasons why there may be sex and gender differences in the experience of pain across the life span.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychology and Centre for Pain ResearchUniversity of BathClaverton Down, BathUK

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