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Vitamins B6-, C-, and E-Enriched Crops

  • Manish Sainger
  • Darshna Chaudhary
  • Ranjana Jaiwal
  • Anil K. Chhillar
  • Pawan Kumar JaiwalEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Concepts and Strategies in Plant Sciences book series (CSPS)

Abstract

Bourgeoning population and global climate change have put a tough challenge of feeding a large number of undernourished (with insufficient calorie intake) and malnourished (with limited or no access to essential micronutrients, vitamins, and minerals, causing the so-called hidden hunger) people globally. During the last few decades, the increase in production of calorie-rich staple food crops has resulted in a decrease in the number of undernourished people from over 1 billion to less than 800 million. However, no such equivalent increase in the production of non-staple foods (pulses, vegetables, fruits, and animal products) has been seen. The micronutrient malnutrition is still affecting more than 2 billion people or one-in-three people globally. Further, staple food crops are poor in vitamins that are further lost during storage, processing, and cooking. Vitamin deficiencies are prevalent in people who are solely dependent on staple crops for their diet and cannot afford diversified diet and have limited access to supplementation (multivitamin pills) or fortified food (addition of vitamins to food). Vitamin deficiencies in human cause severe physical and mental damages and are associated with enormous economic losses. Biofortification is a cost-effective and sustainable alternative to enhance vitamins in edible parts of the plant through breeding or metabolic engineering. The present chapter focuses on three relevant vitamins, B6, C, and E. An overview of their role in plants, metabolism, rational behind biofortification, and advances in manipulation of their contents in plants by the maker-assisted selection and metabolic engineering is presented.

Keywords

Vitamins Metabolism Biofortification Vitamin B6 Ascorbate Tocochromanols 

Notes

Acknowledgements

MS and PKJ are thankful to DST-SERB, New Delhi, and UGC, New Delhi, for the award of Young Scientist fellowship (SB/YS/LS-190/2014) and BSR Faculty Fellowship (18-1/2011), respectively.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manish Sainger
    • 1
  • Darshna Chaudhary
    • 2
  • Ranjana Jaiwal
    • 3
  • Anil K. Chhillar
    • 2
  • Pawan Kumar Jaiwal
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyU. I. E. T, Maharshi Dayanand UniversityRohtakIndia
  2. 2.Centre for BiotechnologyMaharshi Dayanand UniversityRohtakIndia
  3. 3.Department of ZoologyMaharshi Dayanand UniversityRohtakIndia

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