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Ex Situ Conservation of Forest Genetic Resources in Romania

  • Ecaterina Nicoleta Apostol
  • Neculae Şofletea
  • Alexandru Lucian Curtu
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Global Change Research book series (AGLO, volume 65)

Abstract

Forest tree breeding program started in Romania more than 55 years ago and the main objectives of the program consisted in improving wood production, wood quality, resistance to biotic and abiotic stress factors, development of biotechnological techniques for mass clonal propagation. During this period, more than 6400 plus-trees were selected within natural, and in some cases, artificial populations. By their multiplication, a total of around 643.4 ha of clonal, hybridization and seedling seed orchards (440.3 ha conifers and 203.1 ha of broadleaves) were established. Also, a number of 71 provenance trials (46 for conifers and 25 for broadleaves), 8 half-sib progenies trials (6 for conifers and 2 for broadleaves), 7 full-sib progeny trials for conifers, 18 interspecific hybrids trials (8 for conifers and 10 for broadleaves) and 3 genitor clone’s collections for conifers were established. A total of 113 ex situ conservation core units, amounting to 964.2 hectares, were established in stands with non-native species and in plantations with native species located outside their natural range.

Keywords

Forest genetic resources Ex situ conservation Romanian breeding program 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ecaterina Nicoleta Apostol
    • 1
  • Neculae Şofletea
    • 2
  • Alexandru Lucian Curtu
    • 3
  1. 1.National Institute for Research and Development in Forestry “Marin Drăcea” Ilfov CountyVoluntariRomania
  2. 2.Faculty of Silviculture and Forest EngineeringTransilvania University of BraşovBraşovRomania
  3. 3.Department of Forest SciencesTransilvania University of BraşovBraşovRomania

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