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A Distributed Multi-hop Clustering Algorithm for Infrastructure-Less Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks

  • Ahmed Alioua
  • Sidi-Mohammed Senouci
  • Samira Moussaoui
  • Esubalew Alemneh
  • Med-Ahmed-Amine Derradji
  • Fella Benaziza
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering book series (LNICST, volume 244)

Abstract

Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks (VANETs) aim to improve travailing safety, comfort and efficiency via enabling communication between vehicles and between vehicles and infrastructure. Clustering is proposed as a promising technique to efficiently manage and deal with highly dynamic and dense features of vehicular topology. However, clustering generates a high number of control messages to manage and maintain the clustering structure. In this paper, we present our work that aims to facilitate the management of the disconnected infrastructure-less VANET areas by organizing the network topology using a distributed multi-hop clustering algorithm. The proposed algorithm is an enhanced version of the distributed version of LTE for V2X communications (LTE4V2X-D) [7] framework for the infrastructure-less VANET zone. We are able to improve the performance of LTE4V2X-D to better support clustering stability while decreasing clustering overhead. This is made possible due to a judicious choice of metrics for the selection of cluster heads and maintenance of clusters. Our algorithm uses a combination of three metrics, vehicle direction, velocity and position, in order to select a cluster-head that will have the longest lifetime in the cluster. The simulation comparison results of the proposed algorithm with LTE4V2X-D demonstrate the effectiveness of the novel enhanced clustering algorithm through the considerable improvement in the cluster stability and overhead.

Keywords

Infrastructure-less VANET Distributed multi-hop clustering Cluster stability 

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Copyright information

© ICST Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmed Alioua
    • 1
    • 3
  • Sidi-Mohammed Senouci
    • 2
  • Samira Moussaoui
    • 1
  • Esubalew Alemneh
    • 2
  • Med-Ahmed-Amine Derradji
    • 3
  • Fella Benaziza
    • 3
  1. 1.Computer Science DepartmentUSTHB UniversityAlgiersAlgeria
  2. 2.ISAT, DRIVE LabsBurgundy UniversityNeversFrance
  3. 3.NTIC FacultyConstantine 2 UniversityConstantineAlgeria

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