Diversifying Mediterranean Tourism as a Strategy for Regional Resilience Enhancement

  • André Samora-Arvela
  • Eric Vaz
  • João Ferrão
  • Jorge Ferreira
  • Thomas Panagopoulos
Part of the Advances in Spatial Science book series (ADVSPATIAL)


Mediterranean destinations that rely on sun and beach tourism—like the Algarve region, south of Portugal—are in a fragile situation. Challenges related to an aging population and climate change (e.g. extreme temperatures and sea level rise) will have consequences on the development of Mediterranean regions. In this context, sea level rise and beach area reduction could have a disruptive impact in these touristic regions. This chapter discusses how a strategy of regional resilience enhancement could allow for a transition and a differentiation from mainstream sun and beach touristic activities to alternative and sustainable types of tourism, such as nature-based and cultural-landscape touring. It outlines a touristic green infrastructure spatial planning approach to reinforce regional resilience as a competitive, cultural and systemic adaptation strategy, diversifying regional development basis overall.


Green infrastructure Tourism Climate change adaptation Mediterranean Regional planning Resilience 



This study was financed by FCT—Foundation for Science and Technology through the PhD grant SFRH/BD/102328/2014. The authors thank the support given by ICS—Social Science Institute, University of Lisbon, CICS.NOVA—Interdisciplinary Centre of Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, New University of Lisbon, Research Centre for Spatial and Organizational Dynamics, University of Algarve, and Laboratory for Geocomputation, Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Faculty of Arts, Ryerson University.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • André Samora-Arvela
    • 1
  • Eric Vaz
    • 2
  • João Ferrão
    • 3
  • Jorge Ferreira
    • 1
  • Thomas Panagopoulos
    • 4
  1. 1.Interdisciplinary Centre of Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences and HumanitiesNew University of LisbonLisbonPortugal
  2. 2.Department of Geography and Environmental StudiesRyerson UniversityTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Institute of Social SciencesUniversity of LisbonLisbonPortugal
  4. 4.Research Centre for Spatial and Organizational DynamicsUniversity of AlgarveFaroPortugal

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