Conclusion: Resilience—What’s Next?

  • Eric VazEmail author
  • Teresa de Noronha
  • Hugo Pinto
Part of the Advances in Spatial Science book series (ADVSPATIAL)


The previous chapters of this book did not explore the concept of resilience from the perspective of firms. Corporations, including small and medium-sized firms, are those to function as the real engines of the productive processes. They have been under extreme cost reduction policies due to great instability related to both medium-term severe technological change and numerous volatilities expected within the financial markets. To maximize potential cost reduction and mitigate loss, companies are obliged to add flexibility to their whole production process using salary reduction. It is predicted that continuous excessive downsizing will no longer be a sustainable solution for these issues.


Resilience Regional innovation patterns Shortcuts for development Technological development Networking systems Strategic choices Regional strategic learning 


  1. Asheim, B. T., & Isaksen, A. (2003). SMEs and the regional dimension of innovation. In B. T. Ascheim (Ed.), Regional innovation policy for small-medium enterprises (pp. 21–46). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Camagni, R. (1991). Introduction: From the local milieu to innovation through corporation networks. In R. Camagni (Ed.), Innovation networks: Spatial perspectives (pp. 1–9). London: Belhaven Press.Google Scholar
  3. Camagni, R. (1995). Espace et temps dans le concept de milieu innovateur. In A. Ralllet & A. Torre (Eds.), Économie Industrielle et Économie Spatiale (pp. 193–210). Paris: Economica.Google Scholar
  4. Fischer, M. M. (2006). Innovation, networks and knowledge spillovers. Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  5. Kaiser, U. (2002). Measuring knowledge spillovers in manufacturing and services: An empirical assessment of alternative approaches. Research Policy, 31(1), 125–144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Noronha Vaz, T., & Cesário, M. (2008). Driving forces for innovation: are they measurable? International Journal of Foresight and Innovation Policy, 4(21), 1–2, 30–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Noronha Vaz, T., & Nijkamp, P. (2009a). Knowledge and innovation: The strings between global and local dimensions of sustainable growth. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 21(4), 441–455.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Noronha Vaz, T., & Nijkamp, P. (2009b). Multitasking in the rural world: Technological change and sustainability. International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology, 8(2), 111–129.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geography and Environmental StudiesRyerson UniversityTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Faculty of EconomicsUniversity of the AlgarveFaroPortugal

Personalised recommendations