Technical Advances in Veterinary Diagnostic Microbiology
Veterinary diagnostic microbiology is an applied biomedical discipline that deals with the identification, typing, virulence determination, and antimicrobial susceptibility testing of pathogenic microbes primarily affecting animals. Compared to its medical counterpart, veterinary diagnostic microbiology faces a greater challenge in achieving correct and timely diagnostic outcomes due to the existence of a more diverse range of hosts that are affected by a broader spectrum of pathogens. Although phenotypic approaches are useful for detection and diagnosis of animal microbial pathogens, their relatively low sensitivity/specificity, slow turnaround, and occasional variability have provided the impetus for the adoption of genotypic testing procedures, which demonstrate superior sensitivity, exquisite specificity, and extreme speed. Furthermore, improvement through miniature, multiplexing, and automation will further extend the utility and reduce the cost of these new generation technologies.
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