Adoption in Fiji

  • Anuleshni N. NeeltaEmail author
Part of the The World of Small States book series (WSS, volume 5)


There are three types of adoption recognised and practised in Fiji, namely, inter-family adoption, adoption through residential homes, and intercountry adoption. Fiji does not recognise customary adoption. Adoption cases are heard in the family division of the Magistrates’ Courts and the High Court. The Constitution provides that the best interests of a child are the primary consideration in every matter concerning a child. The law on adoption is currently under review. The Adoption Bill domesticates The Hague Convention and provides for local and intercountry adoption of children and access to information regarding adoption.


  1. Budget Estimates 2016–2017. Government of Fiji. Accessed 8 Dec 2017
  2. Child Services Unit (2018) Child Welfare Decree Database. Ministry of Women, Children and Poverty AlleviationGoogle Scholar
  3. Department of Social Welfare, Standard Operating Procedures (Government of Fiji) (internal document)Google Scholar
  4. Fiji Bureau of Statistics (2018a) Population and demography. Accessed 28 Jun 2017
  5. Fiji Bureau of Statistics (5 January 2018b) Release No 1 2018: 2017 population and housing census. Fiji Bureau of Statistics, Suva. Accessed 22 Feb 2018
  6. Fiji Ministry of Health (2015) Annual report 2015. Government of Fiji, Suva Accessed 20 Feb 2018Google Scholar
  7. Migration Review Tribunal, ‘MRT research response FJI34895’ (Research Response No FJI34895, Migration Review Tribunal Australia, 21 May 2009). Accessed 19 Sep 2017
  8. Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict, A/RES/54/263 (25 May 2000)Google Scholar
  9. Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, A/RES/54/263 (25 May 2000)Google Scholar
  10. Save the Children (2005) The commercial sexual exploitation and sexual abuse of children in Fiji: a situational analysis. Accessed 9 Apr 2018
  11. Save the Children (2014) 2014 Annual report: Fiji. Accessed 21 Jun 2017
  12. Secretariat of the Pacific Community (2008) Pacific human rights law digest volume 2: Rhea v Caine. Accessed 13 Apr 2018
  13. UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, Consideration of reports submitted by States Parties under article 44 of the Convention, Second to fourth periodic reports of States Parties due in 2010: Fiji, UN Doc CRC/C/FJI/2-4 (17 September 2013).,CRC,,FJI,54004ad14,0.html. Accessed 9 Sept 2017

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Law, University of the South PacificSuvaFiji

Personalised recommendations