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Genetic Testing for Inherited Retinal Dystrophy: Basic Understanding

  • Stephen H. Tsang
  • Tarun SharmaEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1085)

Abstract

Genetic testing is a medical test that studies human DNA to discover genetic changes or mutations that could lead to genetic disease. Genetic testing is performed on samples of DNA that can be obtained from blood, hair, skin, saliva, amniotic fluid, or other tissues. The test results are then sent in writing to the doctor or the genetic counsellor for discussion with the patient and the family.

Keywords

Genetic testing Inherited retinal dystrophy 

Reference

  1. Richards S, Aziz N, Bale S, Bick D, Das S, Gastier-Foster J, et al. Standards and guidelines for the interpretation of sequence variants: a joint consensus recommendation of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics and the Association for Molecular Pathology. Genet Med. 2015;17:405–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Suggested Reading

  1. den Dunnen JT, Dalgleish R, Maglott DR, Hart RK, Greenblatt MS, McGowan-Jordan J, et al. HGVS recommendations for the description of sequence variants: 2016 update. Hum Mutat. 2016;37:564–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Russell S, Bennett J, Wellman JA, Chung DC, ZF Y, Tillman A, et al. Efficacy and safety of voretigene neparvovec (AAV2-hRPE65v2) in patients with RPE65-mediated inherited retinal dystrophy: a randomised, controlled, open-label, phase 3 trial. Lancet. 2017;390:849–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Stone EM, Aldave AJ, Drack AV, Maccumber MW, Sheffield VC, Traboulsi E, Weleber RG. Recommendations for genetic testing of inherited eye diseases: report of the American Academy of ophthalmology task force on genetic testing. Ophthalmology. 2012;119:2408–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Jonas Children’s Vision Care, Bernard & Shirlee Brown Glaucoma Laboratory, Columbia Stem Cell Initiative-Departments of Ophthalmology, Biomedical Engineering, Pathology & Cell Biology, Institute of Human Nutrition, Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of Ophthalmology, Columbia UniversityEdward S. Harkness Eye Institute, NewYork-Presbyterian HospitalNew YorkUSA

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