A Practical Approach to Retinal Dystrophies
Genomic approaches to developing new diagnostic and therapeutic strategies in retinal dystrophies are among the most advanced applications of genetics (Tsang SH, Gouras P (1996) Molecular physiology and pathology of the retina. In: Duane TD, Tasman W, Jaeger AE (eds) Duane’s clinical opthalmology. Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia). The notion that “nothing can be done” for patients with retinal dystrophies is no longer true. Electrophysiological testing and autofluorescence imaging help to diagnose and predict the patient’s course of disease. Better phenotyping can contribute to better-directed, cost-efficient genotyping. Combining fundoscopy, autofluorescent imaging, and electrophysiological testing is essential in approaching patients with retinal dystrophies. Emerging are new gene-based treatments for these devastating conditions.
KeywordsInherited retinal dystrophy Clinical examination Imaging
This chapter previously appeared in the April 2007 issue of Retinal Physician, published by Pentavision LLC; reprinted with permission.
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