Religious Support for Pacifism
When pacifism is understood as the acceptance of nonviolence and the rejection of all war and violence in personal relations and in all its expressions, religious support for pacifism can be found in various world traditions. The subject of this chapter is the multiplicity of religious support for pacifism. That support is presented in its breadth as found in traditions ranging from Islam and Judaism to Taoism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. In addition, in a treatment of Christianity’s support for pacifism, it is argued that the Christian message of love provides a deeper support for pacifism than the moral support offered by utilitarianism and deontological ethics.