Effects of Campus Climates for Diversity on College GPA Among Latinx Students at Selective Universities: An Examination by Gender, First-Generation College Status, and Immigrant Status

  • Marla A. Franco
  • Young K. Kim


The authors examine the impact of negative campus climates for diversity on the grade point average of 4299 Latinx students attending selective institutions and also investigated whether such impact differed by students’ gender, first-generation status, and immigrant background. Franco and Kim investigated climate for racial/ethnic diversity, socioeconomic diversity, gender diversity, and immigrant backgrounds, with particular emphasis on examining the origins of negative climates (e.g., faculty, staff, and students). The results suggest that students were the most frequently identified source of negative campus climates for diversity. The perceived negative climates for diversity had a significant effect on GPA for female, US born, first-generation, and non-first-generation Latinx college students; yet, the directional effect on GPA differed depending on the type of negative campus climate for diversity.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marla A. Franco
    • 1
  • Young K. Kim
    • 2
  1. 1.University of ArizonaTucsonUSA
  2. 2.Azusa Pacific UniversityAzusaUSA

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