Underdevelopment as a Consequence of Dependency

  • Úrsula Oswald SpringEmail author
Part of the Pioneers in Arts, Humanities, Science, Engineering, Practice book series (PAHSEP, volume 17)


In Mexico during the 1960s, population growth, rapid and uncontrolled urbanisation, and the stagnation of agricultural production with an increase of imported basic food, resulted in a severe crisis in the agricultural sector. Furthermore, land reform had come to an end. There was no land available for distribution, and political unrest had further limited regional redistributions of land. Landlords and small plots of land forced young people to leave the rural area. The land under cultivation was parceled into such small plots that it had become unproductive. Smallholdings had been highly dependent on governmental support, which further reduced the yields, and 30 to 40 per cent was lost in storage. To change this situation, the Government decided to reinforce the agricultural sector by supporting intensive production, concentrating loans, and stressing technical innovation (extensionismo), especially in irrigation and storage infrastructure, so from 1970 to 1976 it promoted a collective ejido. The Government aimed to change the subsistence production into a market-orientated system. With this support, the Government also tried to neutralise political tensions, criminality and violence, especially in the region of Guerrero, where a guerrilla movement called “The Army of the Poor” [El Ejército de los Pobres] existed.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Regional Centre for Multidisciplinary Research (CRIM)National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM)CuernavacaMexico

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