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Study on Personality Aspects and Drug Abuse

  • Úrsula Müller-Oswald
  • R. Ruppen
  • U. Baumann
  • J. Angst
Chapter
Part of the Pioneers in Arts, Humanities, Science, Engineering, Practice book series (PAHSEP, volume 17)

Abstract

Personality was assessed with the Freiburger Persönlichkeits Inventar (FPI) [Freiburg Personality Inventory] in a representative sample of 6,315 19-year-old conscripts in the Canton of Zürich (Switzerland). Furthermore, the kind of drugs used, the frequency of drug consumption and drug combinations were investigated in this age group. First, subjects who had taken only cannabis were compared for personality aspects with those who had taken only hallucinogens. Secondly, a comparison was made between those consuming only cannabis and those taking cannabis as well as other drugs. No significant differences were found in the personality variables assessed in either of these comparisons.

On the other hand, personality differences were found when the subjects were grouped into non-consumers, light, moderate and heavy cannabis consumers. The values obtained for non-consumers (N = 4,745) are used as the baseline; the light consumers are more nervous, more impulsive (more reactively aggressive), more sociable, more sincere, and less inhibited. The heavy consumers suffer more often from autonomic disturbances, are more ill-humoured, more irritated, less dominant, and less sociable than non-consumers and light consumers.

The marked differences between light consumers and non-consumers suggest the hypothesis that subjects with some characteristics (extroversion, emotional lability) are more likely to be persuaded to take drugs. In cases of heavy consumption there seems to be a complex relationship between the personality pattem before drug- taking and personality changes due to drug abuse.

Keywords

Personality Pattern of drug use Cannabis Pre-drug-taking Personality pattem Pharmacological effect Frequency of drug use 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Úrsula Müller-Oswald
    • 1
  • R. Ruppen
    • 1
  • U. Baumann
    • 1
  • J. Angst
    • 1
  1. 1.Regional Centre for Multidisciplinary Research (CRIM)National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM)CuernavacaMexico

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