Advertisement

Food System and Society: The Mexican Case

  • Úrsula Oswald Spring
Chapter
Part of the Pioneers in Arts, Humanities, Science, Engineering, Practice book series (PAHSEP, volume 17)

Abstract

The research project Food System and Society The Mexican Case studied were the following questions: 1. Why are many millions of peasants and urban workers hungry or malnourished in a world of plenty? Why do periodic famines exist in different parts of the world despite the fact that elsewhere half of the food is thrown away? 2. What are the mechanisms that contribute to the deterioration of the peasant economy and push millions of people to abandon their land and migrate into miserable slums in large cities? 3. What are the crucial national policies to ensure sufficient, adequate and permanent access to basic foodstuffs for all social groups and prevent seasonal and cyclical variations that may affect the supply? 4. How could a maximum degree of autonomy and self-determination be achieved on basic foods, in order to reduce the vulnerability to price fluctuations in the international market? How are political pressures (food power) counterbalanced without falling into an autarchy but instead promoting a model that optimizes the advantages of specialisation to a prudent degree? Which processes and techniques to produce staple foods preserve and even improve the physical environment in the medium and long term and reinforce a more harmonious relationship between nature and society?

References

  1. Adams, Richard (1975). Energy and Structure, University of Texas, Austin.Google Scholar
  2. Allen, P. M., J.L. Deneubourg, M. Sanglier (1978). “Dynamic Models of Urban Growth”, Informe para el Ministerio del Transporte de Estados Unidos, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Álvarez, Enrique, Úrsula Oswald Spring (1993). “Desnutrición crónica o aguda materno-infantil y retardos en el desarrollo”, Aportes de Investigación 59, Cuernavaca, CRIM-UNAM.Google Scholar
  4. Avelar González, Francisco Javier, Elsa Marcela Ramírez López, Ma. Consolación Martínez Saldaña, Alma Lilián Guerrero Barrera, Fernando Jaramillo Juárez (2011). “Water quality in the State of Aguascalientes and its effects in the population’s health, in Úrsula Oswald Spring (Ed.) Water Research in Mexico. Scarcity, Degradation, Stress, Conflicts, Management, and Policy, Berlin - Heidelberg, Springer, pp. 217–230.Google Scholar
  5. Barkin, David (1977). “Desarrollo regional y reorganización campesina La Chontalpa como reflejo del gran problema agropecuario mexicano”, Comercio Exterior, Vol. 27, No. 12, pp. 1408–1417.Google Scholar
  6. Beck, Ulrich (2001). Políticas ecológicas en la edad del riesgo, Barcelona, El Roure.Google Scholar
  7. Bennholdt-Thomsen, Veronika, Maria Mies (1999). The Subsistence Perspective: Beyond the Globalized Economy, London, Zen Books.Google Scholar
  8. Bennholdt-Thomsen, Veronika, Nicholas Faraclas, Claudia von Werlhof (Eds.) (2001). There is an Alternative. Subsistence and Worldwide Resistance to Corporate Globalization, London, Routledge.Google Scholar
  9. Boltzmann, Ludwig (1969 [1909]). Wissenschaftliche Abhandlungen, Vol. I, II, III, in F. Hasenöhrl (Ed.), New York, Chelsea.Google Scholar
  10. Ensanut (2012). Encuesta Nacional de Salud y Nutrición. Resultados Nacionales, Cuernavaca, INSP.Google Scholar
  11. EnsanutMC (2016). Encuesta Nacional de Salud y Nutrición de Medio Camino 2016, Cuernavaca, INSP.Google Scholar
  12. FAO (1974). The State of Food and Agriculture 1974, Rome, FAO.Google Scholar
  13. FAO [Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations] (1983). World Food Security: a Reappraisal of the Concept and Approaches, Rome, FAO.Google Scholar
  14. FAO (1985). The State of Food and Agriculture 1985, Rome, FAO.Google Scholar
  15. FAO (2000a). A Millennium without Hunger, Rome, FAO.Google Scholar
  16. FAO (2000b). Food and Population: FAO Looks Ahead, http://www.fao.org/News/2000/000704-e.htm.
  17. FAO (2000c). The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2000, Rome, FAO.Google Scholar
  18. FAO (2010). Biodiversity for Food and Agriculture. Contributing to food security and sustainability in a changing world, Rome, FAO.Google Scholar
  19. FAO (2013). Climate smart agriculture. Sourcebook, Rome, FAO.Google Scholar
  20. FAO (2014a). El Estado de la Inseguridad Alimentaria en el Mundo, Rome, FAO.Google Scholar
  21. FAO (2014b). Marco de Prioridades de País de la FAO en México 2014–2018, http://www.fao.org/3/a-be794s.pdf.
  22. FAO (2015). Agricultura Mundial: hacia los años 2015–2030, Rome, FAO.Google Scholar
  23. FAO-UNESCO (1985). Soil Map of the World (1: 5,000,000), Revised Legend, Rome, FAO.Google Scholar
  24. Flores Palacios, Fátima (2014). “Senderos de vulnerabilidad de género y sus representaciones sociales en contextos situados”, in Ú. Oswald Spring et al., Vulnerabilidad social y género entre migrantes ambientales, Cuernavaca, CRIM-UNAM, pp. 275–293.Google Scholar
  25. Follarí, Roberto (1982). Interdisciplinariedad, Mexico, D.F., UAM-A.Google Scholar
  26. Galtung, Johan (1966). Teoría y métodos de la investigación social, Vol. I, Buenos Aires, Ed. Universitaria de Buenos Aires.Google Scholar
  27. Ganguilhem, G. (19712). La connaissancc de la vie, Paris, I d. Vrin.Google Scholar
  28. Glansdorff, P., I. Prigogine (1971). Thermodynamic theory of structure stability and fluctuations, London, Wiley.Google Scholar
  29. IPCC [Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change] (2014). Climate Change 2014. Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Working Group II Contribution to the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  30. Margenau, Henry (1970). La naturaleza de la realidad física, Madrid, Ed. Tecnos.Google Scholar
  31. McDonald, Bryan (2016). Food Power. The Rise and Fall of the Postwar American Food System, New York, Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  32. Oswald Spring, Úrsula (1983). “Breves apuntes metodológicos”, en: Piedras en el Surco, Mexico, D.F., UAM-X, pp. 25–31.Google Scholar
  33. Oswald Spring, Úrsula (1986). Sistema alimentario y sociedad: el caso mexicano (SAS), Mexico, D.F., UAM-X, Programa Interdisciplinario de la Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Unidad Xochimilco, División de Ciencias Biológicas y de la Salud, División de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades, División de Ciencias y Artes para el Diseño.Google Scholar
  34. Oswald Spring, Úrsula (1991). Estrategias de supervivencia en la Ciudad de México, Cuernavaca, CRIM-UNAM.Google Scholar
  35. Oswald Spring, Úrsula (2009). “Food as a New Human and Livelihood Security Challenge”, in Hans Günter Brauch et al. (Eds.), Facing Global Environmental Change: Environmental, Human, Energy, Food, Health and Water Security Concepts, Berlin - Heidelberg, Springer, pp. 473–502.Google Scholar
  36. Oswald Spring, Úrsula, Antonio Flores (1985). Gran Visión y Avance de Investigación del Proyecto Integrado del Golfo, México, D.F., UAM-X, UNRISD, CONACYT, CINVESTAV, IFIAS, COPLADET, PEMEX.Google Scholar
  37. Oswald Spring, Úrsula, Rafael Rodríguez, Antonio Flores (1986). Campesinos, protagonistas de su historia (la Coalición de los Ejidos Colectivos de los Valles del Yaqui y Mayo; una salida a la cultura de la pobreza [Peasants, protagonists of their history (the Coalition of Collective Ejidos of the Yaqui and Mayo Valleys; a solution to their culture of poverty], Mexico, D.F., UAM-X.Google Scholar
  38. PINCC-UNAM (2016). Reporte mexicano de cambio climático, Cambio Climático, Proyecciones y Predictibilidad, Vol. 1, www.pincc.unam.mx/libro_reportemex/RMCC_vol1.pdf.
  39. Prigogine, Ilya (1994). La estructura de la complejidad, Madrid, Alianza Universidad.Google Scholar
  40. Ramsar (20165). An Introduction to the Convention on Wetlands (previously The Ramsar Convention Manual), Gland, Ramsar Convention Secretariat.Google Scholar
  41. Strahm, Rudolf, Úrsula Oswald Spring (1990). Por esto somos tan pobres, Cuernavaca, CRIM-UNAM.Google Scholar
  42. Torres Torres, Felipe, María del Carmen del Valle, Jessica Mariela Tolentino, Erika Martínez López (Eds.) (2016). Reflexiones sobre seguridad alimentaria. Búsqueda y alternativas para el desarrollo en México, México City, IIEc- DGAPA-UNAM.Google Scholar
  43. Turrent Fernández, Antonio, Alejandro, Espinosa Calderón, José Isabel Cortés Flores y Hugo Mejía Andrade (2014). “Análisis de la estrategia MasAgro-maíz”, Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agrícolas, Vol. 5, No. 8 (November/December), pp. 1531–1547.Google Scholar
  44. Turrent Fernández, Antonio, Timothy A. Wise and Elise Garvey (2013). “Achieving Mexico’s Maize Potential”, in Intern. Conference, New Haven, Yale University, September 14–15.Google Scholar
  45. van Dijk Kocherthaler, Sylvia (2009). Valoración de preescolares comunitarios en el Valle de México desde un enfoque de derechos. Caso Save the Children, PhD Tesis, Pachuca, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo.Google Scholar
  46. Vaughan, Genevieve (1997). For-Giving: A Feminist Criticisms of Exchange, Austin, Plain View Press.Google Scholar
  47. Via Campesina (2002). “Food sovereignty”, Document distributed during the World Food Summit+5, Rome, Via Campesina.Google Scholar
  48. Via Campesina (2005). Agreement on Gender in Via Campesina, San Paulo, Via Campesina-MST.Google Scholar
  49. Wise, Timothy A. (2012). “The impacts of U.S. agricultural policies on Mexican producers”, Paper 8, Global Development and Environment Institute, Boston, Tufts University, http://www.indexmundi.com/agriculture/?country=mx&commodity=corn&graph=imports.
  50. Zhao, Yong Dong Zhang, Yonglu Tang, Jiao Wang, Lingyong Zheng (2009). “An optimal model of a agriculture circular system for paddy & edible fungus & dry land”, International Journal of Management Science and Engineering Management, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 302–310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Regional Centre for Multidisciplinary Research (CRIM)National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM)CuernavacaMexico

Personalised recommendations