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Pragmatic Conscience: Ecological Governance in Shangri-La

  • Ugyen Tshewang
  • Jane Gray Morrison
  • Michael Charles Tobias
Chapter
Part of the Fascinating Life Sciences book series (FLS)

Abstract

Governing its rich and diverse natural resources is becoming an increasingly complex challenge for Bhutan due to transboundary air pollution, climate change impacts, and economic activities like road construction and other infrastructure development. Over the years, various conservation policies and laws have evolved in Bhutan to ensure conformity and continuity of strong Buddhist conservation ethics for the protection and sustainable use of biological resources. The conservation policies and laws are designed toward contributing to the achievement of GNH, environmental sustainability being one of the four building blocks of GNH. The Constitution of the Kingdom of Bhutan enshrines environmental conservation as a constitutional mandate, and Bhutan 2020, the country’s vision document, emphasizes the maximization and reinforcement of GNH. These apex policy documents serve as guiding policy instruments for other sector-specific and environment- and biodiversity-related policy and legal instruments.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ugyen Tshewang
    • 1
  • Jane Gray Morrison
    • 2
  • Michael Charles Tobias
    • 2
  1. 1.National Environment CommissionRoyal Government of BhutanThimphuBhutan
  2. 2.Dancing Star FoundationLos AngelesUSA

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