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Renewable Energy in Argentina

  • Carlos Labriola
Chapter
Part of the Innovative Renewable Energy book series (INREE)

Abstract

Since 2010, Argentina has had a revival of interest in the use of renewable energy sources (RES). In particular, with the GEN-REN plan, an impulse was given to the wind and solar energy systems in farm-type installations and biomass (ethanol or biodiesel) used in transport and agroindustries.

The number of bidders exceeded expectations, but the economic conditions of energy price in the wholesale electricity market brought about for a few of them to be installed.

In 2016, after the new administration took office, there was a call for the RENOVAR plan; 1000 MW were tendered but more than 6000 MW were offered. Market conditions were much better, and by September 2017, all selected projects will be implemented.

During 2010 to 2016, legal conditions for low voltage users were approved, which permit them to be energy generators, and these laws allow today the opening of a large market of wind and solar energy systems for domestic installations. In particular, several universities and institutes of renewable energy sources are researching on the use of wind turbines in tall buildings to supply the energy for common uses (elevators, water pumps, hallway lighting). It is also possible to adapt new building projects to the use of mini-hydro turbines by the accumulation of gray water.

In Neuquén Province, northwest Patagonia, a delegation of the National Institute of Industrial Technology is in Cutral Có City. That institution has a test bench for small wind turbines to certify its operation. In the Faculty of Engineering of the National University of Comahue is the Center for Study and Analysis of Applications of Renewable Energy Sources composed of three consolidated research groups. They are developing and testing different wind turbines of their own projects or local entrepreneurs. Also they developed and tested micro- and mini-hydro turbines in the Laboratory of Mini Hydro Power Plants. They made a project of energy efficiency on a building of about 10 floors, where it can obtain 20–25% more wind speed than an average one and better radiation without obstacles. Also, using wind, solar (on terraces), and mini-hydro (on gray water pipes) energies, it can supply between 30 and 40% of energy for common services of a building especially in the hours of maximum demand, during the day and night. This kind of projects would allow to reduce the demand in the low voltage grid and to distribute generation in urban places. It represents for the users of the building a monthly RE equipment amortization fee during a few years.

Keywords

Argentina Wind Solar Mini-hydro Biomass 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlos Labriola
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Engineering, Universidad Nacional del ComahueBuenos AiresArgentina

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