Due to the high prevalence of ophthalmic pathology among individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a comprehensive examination is recommended for every patient. While individuals with ASD may have problems that are standard in the world of ophthalmology, they may also suffer from more unusual disorders of visual processing that may contribute to behavioral and other issues. Evaluation and management of ophthalmic issues in patients with ASD can be challenging, and each patient requires a tailored approach that takes into account their special needs. While most medical literature related to ophthalmologic care in ASD is focused on the pediatric population, good care, including regular screening, is needed throughout the life span. There is a clear need for more research and more providers with comfort and experience in the ophthalmologic care of adults with ASD. In this chapter, specific considerations in ophthalmic evaluation and management of patients with ASD are discussed.
KeywordsOphthalmology Eye exam Visual processing
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