Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is often accompanied by clinically important neuromuscular and musculoskeletal manifestations. Some of these manifestations have the potential to interfere with the individual’s everyday function, self-esteem, and integration with his or her peer group. In this chapter, we discuss the most common neuromuscular and musculoskeletal issues in individuals with ASD, including abnormal gross motor function, dysmorphic physical features, bone pain with rash, growth failure due to vitamin C deficiency (scurvy), fractures, and care of an individual with ASD in a body cast.
KeywordsAutism spectrum disorder Musculoskeletal disorders Toe-walking
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