• Jonathan D. Rosen
  • Hanna Samir Kassab


How can we understand the nature of gangs and transnational organized crime, and how have these organizations contributed to crime and violence? The introduction outlines the scope of the book and submits the following argument: states plagued by high levels of corruption, impunity, and lack of transparency serve as incubators for crime and violence. Governments must address the underlying socioeconomic challenges that create the appropriate conditions making youth vulnerable to being recruited by gangs and other organized crime groups. As a result, this work seeks to understand how institutional weakness can help foster these organizations, which in turn leads to violence.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jonathan D. Rosen
    • 1
  • Hanna Samir Kassab
    • 2
  1. 1.Holy Family UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.East Carolina UniversityGreenvilleUSA

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