Continuous Systems

  • Ahmed A. Shabana
Part of the Mechanical Engineering Series book series (MES)


Mechanical systems in general consist of structural components which have distributed mass and elasticity. Examples of these structural components are rods, beams, plates, and shells. For the most part, our study of vibration thus far has been limited to discrete systems which have a finite number of degrees of freedom. As has been shown in the preceding chapters, the vibration of mechanical systems with lumped masses and discrete elastic elements is governed by a set of second-order ordinary differential equations. Rods, beams, and other structural components on the other hand are considered as continuous systems which have an infinite number of degrees of freedom, and as a consequence, the vibration of such systems is governed by partial differential equations which involve variables that depend on time as well as the spatial coordinates.


  1. Shabana AA (1997) Vibration of discrete and continuous systems. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. Timoshenko S, Young DH, Weaver W (1974) Vibration problems in engineering. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmed A. Shabana
    • 1
  1. 1.Richard and Loan Hill, Professor of Engineering, Department of Mechanical & Industrial EngineeringUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoChicagoUSA

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