Airway Management in Pediatric Patients

  • Giovanna ChidiniEmail author
  • Monsellato Stefania


Airway management represents the first priority for the anesthesiologist who is asked to treat a critically ill child. During pediatric age, the incidence of unpredicted difficult intubation is rare, and most children with difficult airway can be identified during preoperative evaluation.

However, unpredictable difficulties at intubation and/or ventilation may be a cause for high mortality and morbidity. The purpose of this chapter is to review the principal papers published about pediatric airway management, with particular attention to our national society guidelines that are so far the landmark for most anesthesiologists and intensivists. Particularly, the peculiar anatomic and physiological characteristics of children, the preoperative evaluation, the use of specific materials, and difficult intubation situations will be discussed.


Children Airways Endotracheal intubation Mechanical ventilation 



Authors have nothing to disclaim about this paper.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pediatric Intensive Care UnitFondazione IRCCS Cà Granda Ospedale Maggiore PoliclinicoMilanItaly

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