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Neuropsychological Outcomes and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Adults with Congenital Heart Disease

  • Adrienne H. KovacsEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Congenital Heart Disease in Adolescents and Adults book series (CHDAA)

Abstract

There exists an association between physical and psychosocial factors, which demands that we attend to both in order to optimize patient outcomes. Compared to healthy peers, as a group, adults with congenital heart disease are at elevated risk of neurocognitive deficits, mood and anxiety disorders, and posttraumatic stress disorder. These psychosocial difficulties have historically been under recognized and undertreated in the outpatient setting, likely even more so in the inpatient setting. This chapter provides an overview of the psychosocial challenges faced by many hospitalized adults with congenital heart disease, with a particular emphasis on neuropsychological outcomes and trauma experiences. The objective is to improve providers’ confidence in their ability to more effectively recognize and manage these challenges in the inpatient setting.

Keywords

Adult congenital heart disease Intensive care Critical care Neurocognitive Executive functions Psychosocial Depression Anxiety Posttraumatic stress disorder Mental health 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Knight Cardiovascular Institute, Oregon Health and Science UniversityPortlandUSA

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