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Sarcoidosis

  • Robina K. Coker
Chapter

Abstract

Sarcoidosis is a multisystem inflammatory disease that commonly affects the lungs, but its precise cause remains unknown. Although mortality is rare, sarcoidosis can cause significant morbidity, including debilitating fatigue and systemic upset, limiting the ability to work or carry out everyday activities. Mild cases may resolve spontaneously and never require treatment, but vital organ involvement is an indication for immunosuppression. The optimal choice of agent and duration of treatment remain unclear. Since sarcoidosis frequently presents to respiratory specialists, they need to be aware of the potential for extra-pulmonary disease and how to recognise it. Diagnosis and management of extra-pulmonary disease requires close collaboration between specialists in different disciplines.

Keywords

Sarcoidosis Interstitial lung disease Granuloma Erythema nodosum Corticosteroids Immunosuppression Methotrexate 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Respiratory MedicineHammersmith Hospital, Imperial College Healthcare NHS TrustLondonUK

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