Advertisement

Phytoplankton and Primary Production in the Japan Sea

  • Joji Ishizaka
  • Keiko Yamada
Chapter

Abstract

The Japan Sea is a marginal sea surrounded by the Japanese archipelago, Korea Peninsula, Sakhalin Island, mainland China and Russian landmasses which isolate it from the East China Sea, Pacific Ocean, and Okhotsk Sea. In this chapter, studies of phytoplankton and primary production in the Japan Sea using ocean colour satellite data have been summarized. Satellite chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) concentrations were generally well correlated with in situ Chl-a, except in low chlorophyll-a regions within the central region of the Japan Sea, where satellite estimates were higher. A marked seasonality in Chl-a was observed in association with spring and fall blooms over large areas of Japan Sea, with the spring bloom commencing around the subpolar front in the south moving northwards. Overall, interannual variations in Chl-a, appeared to be related to large scale global climate variations. Despite observations of increasing trends in Chl-a, reports of decreases in primary production require that we continue to better understand the role of physical forcing factors in particular, how mesoscale eddies and typhoons that are unique to this region, regulate primary production and phytoplankton biomass distribution. This review also draws attention to the lack of ocean colour algorithms for discriminating phytoplankton functional groups from space. The availability of satellite derived information on phytoplankton functional groups is essential for ocean biogeochemical and fisheries research. This study also emphasizes the need for more bio-optical measurements and algorithm development efforts to fill this gap.

Keywords

Japan Sea Ocean colour Chlorophyll-a Primary production Phytoplankton 

References

  1. Ahn YH, Shanmugam P, Chang KI, Moon JE, Ryu JH (2005) Spatial and temporal aspects of phytoplankton blooms in complex ecosystems off the Korean Coast from satellite ocean color observations. Ocean Sci J 40(2):67–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Behrenfeld MJ, Falkowski PG (1997) Photosynthetic rates derived from satellite-based chlorophyll concentration. Limnol Oceanogr 42:1–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chiba S, Saino T (2002) Interdecadal change in the upper water column environment and spring diatom community structure in the Japan Sea: an early summer hypothesis. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 231:23–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Edwards M, Richardson AJ (2004) Impact of climate change on marine pelagic phenology and trophic mismatch. Nature 430:881–884CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Gregg WW, Rousseaux CS (2014) Decadal trends in global pelagic ocean chlorophyll: a new assessment integrating multiple satellites, in situ data, and models. J Geophys Res Oceans 119(9):5921–5933CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hirata T, Hardman-Mountford NJ, Brewin RJW, Aiken J, Barlow R, Suzuki K, Isada T, Howell E, Hashioka T, Noguchi-Aita M, Yamanaka Y (2011) Synoptic relationships between surface chlorophyll-a and diagnostic pigments specific to phytoplankton functional types. Biogeosciences 8:311–327CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hyun JH, Kim D, Shin CW, Noh JH, Yang EJ, Mok JS, Kim SH, Kim HC, Yoo S (2009) Enhanced phytoplankton and bacterioplankton production coupled to coastal upwelling and an anticyclonic eddy in the Ulleung basin, East Sea. Aqua Micro Ecol 54(1):45–54Google Scholar
  8. IOCCG (2014) Phytoplankton functional types from space. In: Sathendranath S (ed) Reports of the International Ocean-Colour Coordinating Group, No. 15., IOCCG, Dartmouth, Canada, pp. 156Google Scholar
  9. Jo CO, Lee JY, Park KA, Kim YH, Kim KR (2007) Asian dust initiated early spring bloom in the northern East/Japan Sea, Geophys Res Lett 34(5)Google Scholar
  10. Jo CO et al (2014) Spatial distribution of seasonality of SeaWiFS chlorophyll-a concentrations in the East/Japan Sea. J Mar Sys 139:288–298CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Joo H, Park JW, Son S, Noh JH, Jeong JY, Kwak JH, Saux-Picart S, Choi JH, Kang CK, Lee SH (2014) Long-term annual primary production in the Ulleung Basin as a biological hot spot in the East/Japan Sea. J Geophys Res Oceans 119(5):3002–3011CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Joo H, Son S, Park JW, Kang JJ, Jeong JY, Lee CIl, Kang CK, Lee SH (2016) Long-term pattern of primary productivity in the East/Japan Sea based on ocean color data derived from MODIS-Aqua. Remote Sens 8(1)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kameda T, Ishizaka J (2005) Size-fractionated primary production estimated by a two-phytoplankton community model applicable to ocean color remote sensing. J Oceanogr 61(4):663–672CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kim SW, Saitoh SI, Ishizaka J, Isoda Y, Kishino M (2000) Temporal and spatial variability of phytoplankton pigment concentrations in the Japan sea derived from CZCS images. J Oceanogr 56(5):527–538CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kim HC, Yoo SJ, Oh IS (2007) Relationship between phytoplankton bloom and wind stress in the sub-polar frontal area of the Japan/East Sea. J Mar Sys 67(3–4):205–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kim D, Yang EJ, Kim KH, Shin CW, Park J, Yoo S, Hyun JH (2012) Impact of an anticyclonic eddy on the summer nutrient and chlorophyll a distributions in the Ulleung basin, East Sea (Japan Sea). ICES J Mar Sci 69(1):23–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lee SH, Son S, Dahms HU, Park JW, Lim JH, Noh JH, Kwon JI, Joo HT, Jeong JY, Kang CK (2014) Decadal changes of phytoplankton chlorophyll-a in the East Sea/Sea of Japan. Oceanology 54(6):771–779CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Li LP, Fukushima H, Frouin R, Mitchell BG, He MX, Uno I, Takamura T, Ohta S (2003) Influence of submicron absorptive aerosol on sea-viewing wide field-of-view sensor (SeaWiFS)-derived marine reflectance during Aerosol Characterization Experiment (ACE)-Asia. J Geophyic Res Atmos 108(D15)Google Scholar
  19. Lim JH, Son S, Park JW, Kwak JH, Kang CK, Son YB, Kwon JN, Lee SH (2012) Enhanced biological activity by an anticyclonic warm eddy during early spring in the East Sea (Japan Sea) detected by the geostationary ocean color satellite. Ocean Sci J 47(3):377–385CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Maúre ER, Ishizaka J, Sukigara C, Mino Y, Aiki H, Matsuno T, Tomita H, Goes JI, Gomes HR (2017) Mesoscale eddies control the timing of spring phytoplankton blooms: A case study in the Japan Sea. Geophys Res Lett 44(21):11115–11124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. McGillicuddy DJ, Johnson R, Siegel DA, Michaels AF, Bates NR, Knap AH (1999) Mesoscale variations of biogeochemical properties in the Sargasso Sea. J Geophys Res Oceans 104(C6):13381–13394CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Park KA, Kang CK, Kim KR, Park JE (2014) Role of sea ice on satellite-observed chlorophyll-a concentration variations during spring bloom in the East/Japan sea. Deep-Sea Res I 83:34–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Platt T, Fuentes-Yaco C, Frank KT (2003) Spring algal bloom and larval fish survival. Nature 423:398–399CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Ryu JH, Ishizaka J (2012) GOCI data processing and ocean applications. Ocean Sci J 47(3):221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Saba VS et al (2011) An evaluation of ocean color model estimates of marine primary productivity in coastal and pelagic regions across the globe. Biogeosciences 8(2):489–503CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Salyuk P, Bukin O, Alexanin A, Pavlov A, Mayor A, Shmirko K, Akmaykin D, Krikun V (2010) Optical properties of Peter the Great Bay waters compared with satellite ocean colour data. Int J Remote Sens 31(17–18):4651–4664CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Siswanto E, Ishizaka J, Yokouchi K, Tanaka K, Tan CK (2007) Estimation of interannual and interdecadal variations of typhoon-induced primary production: a case study for the outer shelf of the East China Sea. Geophys Res Lett 34(3).  https://doi.org/10.1029/2006gl028368
  28. Son SH, Platt T, Bouman H, Lee DK, Sathyendranath S (2006) Satellite observation of chlorophyll and nutrients increase induced by Typhoon Megi in the Japan/East Sea. Geophys Res Lett 33(5).  https://doi.org/10.1029/2005gl025065
  29. Subrahmanyam B, Rao KH, Rao NS, Murty VSN, Sharp RJ (2002) Influence of a tropical cyclone on Chlorophyll-a Concentration in the Arabian Sea. Geophys Res Lett 29(22).  https://doi.org/10.1029/2002gl015892CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Sverdrup HU (1953) On conditions for the vernal blooming of phytoplankton. J Cons Explor Mer 18:287–295CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Terauchi G, Tsujimoto R, Ishizaka J, Nakata H (2014) Preliminary assessment of eutrophication by remotely sensed chlorophyll-a in Toyama Bay, the Sea of Japan. J Oceanogr 70(2):175–184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Yamada K, Ishizaka J (2006) Estimation of inter-decadal change of spring bloom timing, in the case of the Japan Sea. Geophys Res Lett 33(2).  https://doi.org/10.1029/2005gl024792
  33. Yamada K, Ishizaka J, Yoo S, Kim HC, Chiba S (2004) Seasonal and interannual variability of sea surface chlorophyll a concentration in the Japan/East Sea (JES). Prog Ocean 61(2–4):193–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Yamada K, Ishizaka J, Nagata H (2005) Spatial and temporal variability of satellite primary production in the Japan Sea from 1998 to 2002. J Oceanogr 61(5):857–869CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Yoo S, Kim H (2004) Suppression and enhancement of the spring bloom in the southwestern East Sea/Japan Sea. Deep Sea Res Part II: Top Stud Oceanogr 51(10–11):1093–1111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Yoo S, Park J (2009) Why is the southwest the most productive region of the East Sea/Sea of Japan? J Mar Sys 78(2):301–315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Yoon JE, Park J, Yoo S (2012) Comparison of primary productivity algorithms for Korean Waters. Ocean Sci J 47(4):473–487CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Zuenko YI, Pershina EA (2011) Variations of sea surface temperature and dates of spring bloom at spawning grounds of Japanese sardine in the Japan Sea. Izvestia TINRO (Newsletters of Pacific Fisheries Research Center) 165:251–264 (in Russian)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Space-Earth Environmental ResearchNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan
  2. 2.Keimyung UniversityDaeguKorea

Personalised recommendations