Corruption, Courts, and Public Opinion in Brazil
This chapter sheds light on citizens’ attitudes toward corruption, more specifically on beliefs regarding the effectiveness of individual action against corruption. It discusses the role attitudes toward corrupt behavior play in helping this problem prevail under democracies and assesses the extent to which a sense of efficacy against corruption is associated with positive evaluations of the judiciary, as well as with standard socioeconomic and political variables. Using survey data from the 2016 Latinobarómetro survey, the analysis reveals that levels of internal efficacy against corruption are considerably higher in Brazil than in other Latin American countries. This important anti-corruption attitude is stronger among younger, male, and more educated citizens and is also more prevalent among those who support the incumbent government. More importantly, the extent to which individuals believe they can do something about corruption is associated with positive views of an honest, trustworthy, and impartial judiciary.
KeywordsCorruption Efficacy Attitudes Judicial institutions
I thank Robert Rotberg for his helpful comments and guidance and Joaquim Meira for his excellent research assistance.